If a man suffers with diabetes for a long time, it can cause infertility. The fact is that one of the complications of the disease is nerve damage. Thus, the disease provokes the wrong reaction of the nervous system to stimuli, causes disorders of potency, and fertilization becomes less likely.
When men suffer from diabetes for more than ten years, these difficulties occur in half of them. Diabetes can also lead to reverse ejaculation, in other words, the release of semen into the bladder.
In order to answer the question of whether children with diabetics can be started, the treatment of the disease and its relationship with sexual function should be studied.
Why does diabetes reduce reproductive capacity?
Diabetes mellitus weakens the various functions of the body, while there is an imbalance in the hormonal balance. All this reduces the possibility of diabetics to be parents.
For the reproductive ability of men are dangerous complications of diabetes. In diabetes, the guy may notice a decrease in libido and the absence of sperm during ejaculation.
Scientists are trying to figure out how much ailment affects infertility, which is increasingly a male problem. It is established that the sperm of men with diabetes has a damaged DNA code that is responsible for the storage and transmission of the genetic program.
It is possible to get pregnant if the husband has diabetes. Even if it was possible to give birth to a diabetic, there is always a chance that the child’s disease will be inherited.
Typical symptoms of diabetes
A man may not have symptoms for a long time, despite the developing disease. Diabetes can lead to a life-threatening diabetic coma.
A patient with a diabetic coma needs urgent medical attention.
The list of characteristic manifestations of diabetes include:
- strong thirst
- frequent urination, especially at night,
- itching of the skin,
- strong feeling of hunger
- reduced vision
- constant inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes and penis,
- cramps in calves at night,
- numbness and tingling of the lower and upper extremities.
Signs of a dangerous situation are:
- vomiting and nausea
- bad breath,
- stomach pain
- dry mucous membranes
- disturbances of consciousness up to fainting.
Types of diabetes
Diabetes mellitus, in fact, a group of metabolic pathologies that are characterized by hyperglycemia, which means an increased concentration of glucose in the blood.
The process appears due to a defect in the production or action of the hormone insulin secreted by the pancreas.
Chronic hyperglycemia is associated with malfunction, damage and insufficiency of various organs, for example:
- blood vessels,
- a heart.
Considering the cause of the onset and nature of the disease, there can be one of two types of diabetes: first or second.
The pathology of type 1 diabetes is characterized by primary insufficiency of insulin secretion. At the same time, normal tissue sensitivity to the hormone is maintained.
Tendency to its development is hereditary, however, the disclosure of symptoms depends on many factors. Formation of type 1 diabetes occurs if over 80% of pancreatic cells are eliminated due to an immune disorder. Certain chemicals also affect the progression of the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In diabetes mellitus type 2, there is a decrease in the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, insulin resistance occurs.
This type of diabetes requires the production of a large amount of insulin, which exceeds the secretory capacity of the pancreas and can lead to disruption or complete cessation of insulin production.
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with overweight or obese people. It is called adult diabetes.
Genetic predisposition issues
Many people mistakenly believe that if a husband or wife has diabetes, he will definitely have a child. This is not always the case.
From sick parents, children can get a predisposition to the disease, but not diabetes itself.
Many factors determine the appearance of the disease and the time of its development. These conditions include:
- frequent stress
- propensity for obesity,
- hypertension and atherosclerosis,
- excessive use of alcoholic beverages,
- malfunctions in normal metabolism
- autoimmune diseases.
- pancreatic diseases,
- taking certain drugs
- rare rest and strenuous exercise.
As a rule, a child can get diabetes of the first type, even with perfectly healthy parents. This is explained by the fact that the disease is peculiar to the pattern transmitted through the generation. Often diabetics can have children without pathologies.
If parents are aware of diabetes in relatives, measures should be taken to protect the child from the appearance of unpleasant symptoms. First of all, you should follow the food in the family, avoid harmful foods and sweets, as well as tempering.
It was revealed that diabetics with the second type of illness, in previous generations, had relatives with the same disease. Such people have changes in the structure of genes.
If a guy has diabetes, the risk of his child becoming ill increases several times, up to 9%. If one of the parents has diabetes of the second type, children will be sick in 80% of cases.
Features of the hereditary transmission of diabetes
Doctors advise diabetics with the first type, who want to give birth to a child, think carefully about the situation. One child out of four will have diabetes. It is important to first consult with a doctor, and ask whether the existing situation affects the conception and carrying a child.
To determine the likelihood of developing diabetes, you should consider that the greater the number of relatives with diabetes, the higher the risk of the disease. This pattern affects if relatives had the same type of disease. Over time, the likelihood of developing a disease of the first type in a person decreases significantly.
Parents and children are not as closely related as identical twins. If there is a genetic predisposition to diabetes of the first type, which was transmitted to the first twin, then the risk that the second twin will have a pathology is 50%. When a disease of type 2 is found in the first of the twins, in 70% of cases this disease is transmitted to the second child.
Genetic predisposition to high blood sugar may also manifest during pregnancy. If the expectant mother has a large number of diabetic relatives, then, most likely, when carrying a child, at about 20 weeks she will have a high level of blood glucose. In women, as a rule, all unpleasant symptoms disappear after the birth of children. In some cases, the condition may develop into one type of diabetes.
Male infertility and complications of diabetes
Diabetes, which lasts for many years, can lead to various dangerous complications. The risk of chronic complications is largely dependent on the control of metabolism.
Diabetes mellitus is the cause of various damage to the blood vessels, in other words, microangiopathy of capillaries, as well as macroangiopathy, appear. All this leads to atherosclerosis of large, medium and small vessels.
Men with decompensated diabetes often have nephropathy, which means kidney damage and urinary problems. This condition leads to a narrowing of the urethra, so a man cannot bring the seed out.
Instead of leaving the body during ejaculation, the seed passes back into the bladder. This condition is called reverse ejaculation, which is considered one of the causes of infertility in men.
Male fertility is also threatened by diabetic neuropathy. The first symptoms of pathology include:
- feeling of "burning" legs,
- tingling of all the limbs
- pain in the legs
- cramps at night.
Sensory impairments are dangerous because they develop unnoticed. The person does not feel pain during superficial injuries.
Minor injuries provoke ulcers that destroy bones and tissues. In particular, the feet are subjected to this, and a diabetic foot occurs (you can find out on our resource what the diabetic foot looks like in the initial stage). Neuropathy of the nervous system is dangerous impairment of potency. Erection problems may occur as the blood does not enter the corpus cavernosum. The inability to perform sexual acts is the reason that a man cannot be born children.
Features of therapy
People diagnosed with diabetes should constantly follow a dietary diet. In addition, it is important to know all about taking antidiabetic drugs.
Diabetics should know how to make insulin injections, measure blood sugar levels.
In order for a diabetic to give birth to a healthy child, you should:
- use a diabetic diet
- to exercise
- monitor blood sugar concentration and its presence in the urine.
In some cases, taking antidiabetic drugs orally or using insulin.
For both types of diabetes, there are various educational programs at medical institutions. When planning the birth of a child, you can attend these courses. The video in this article will act as a warning for men who do not care about their health.