The generally accepted norm of sugar in whey is considered to be in the range of 3.5-5.5 mmol / l.
But with aging, certain changes occur in the body that affect the concentration of glucose and increase the risk of diabetes.
To consult a doctor in time, it is necessary to know the rate of sugar in the elderly.
Norm of blood sugar in the elderly
Serum glucose levels increase in elderly people. This is due to the presence of problems with digestion, in the hormonal sphere.
During this period, the risk of developing the first or second form of diabetes increases. Especially men from 50 years are subject to this disease.
Doctors recommend starting from the age of 50 to monitor plasma glucose with a home electronic device. To correctly interpret the result, you need to know the standard. For different age intervals, it is different.
In adults 50-59 years oldIn most men and women after 50 years, the sugar concentration increases by about 0.055 mmol / l when donating blood on an empty stomach and 0.5 units in a serum test a couple of hours after eating a meal.
Usually, glucose in the morning on an empty stomach remains within the normal range, and 100–120 minutes after breakfast exceeds the allowable values. This happens because in older people the sensitivity of organ cells to insulin hormone decreases.
Also in the tissues decrease the production and action of incretin. The standard glycemic level for women aged 50 to 59 years is 3.50-6.53 mmol / l, for men - 4.40-6.15 mmol / l.
It must be remembered that a blood test from a vein shows higher values than a study of a biomaterial taken from a finger. Thus, for venous blood, the optimal value of glycemia is in the range of 3.60-6.15 mmol / l.
In women and men in 60-69 years
People of retirement age are forced to eat cheap food due to difficult financial condition.
Such food contains in its composition a large amount of fast-digestible simple carbohydrates, industrial fats. Protein, complex carbohydrates, fiber is not enough in it. This leads to a deterioration in overall health.
Pancreas suffers greatly. Therefore, in people aged 60 years and older, blood sugar continues to grow. The norm for females of 60-90 years are values within the boundaries of 3.75-6.91, for males - 4.60-6.33 mmol / l.
In the elderly after 70 years
Most people over 70 have serious health problems that require the use of potent medicines.
Synthetic drugs treat the main pathology, but negatively affect the condition of the liver and pancreas.
Most elderly people have diabetes. The norm of glucose concentration for women 70-79 years old is 3.9-6.8 mmol / l, 80-89 years old - 4.1-7.1 mmol / l. The optimal value of glycemia for men 70-90 years old is in the range of 4.6-6.4 mmol / l, older than 90 - 4.20-6.85 mmol / l.
The effect of menopause on glycemia
Menopause has a great effect on the blood sugar level of a woman.
During the period of termination of menstruation, hormonal adjustment is observed, which affects the work of all systems, including the functioning of the pancreas.
Estrogen and progesterone influence the response of cells to insulin. When menopause occurs, the female hormones stop being produced in sufficient quantities, and many of the weaker women develop diabetes.
If there are problems with the pancreas, violations of intrasecretory activity are observed. Serum glucose concentration can reach 11 mmol / l. Then doctors diagnose the first or second form of diabetes.
It should be noted that the symptoms of diabetes and menopause are similar. Both conditions are accompanied by chronic fatigue, weakness.
With endocrinological pathology, in which the pancreas loses the ability to produce insulin, a person may experience pressure and temperature, itching in the area of the palms and feet.
These manifestations are typical for menopause. Therefore, it is important to be able to differentiate pathology. This can be done by a competent gynecologist-endocrinologist after analyzing the results of the patient's diagnosis.
During menopause, sugar may rise unexpectedly. Diabetics should be especially attentive to their health. The need for glucose-lowering drugs in menopause changes, so there are significant average daily fluctuations in blood glucose levels.
Norm of blood sugar in the morning on an empty stomach with diabetes
If the level of glucose on an empty stomach is in the range of 5.6-6.1 mmol / l, doctors say about the pre-diabetic state.
If the value is greater than 6.2 mmol / l, suggest diabetes.
When the glucose index exceeds 7 mmol / l on an empty stomach, and after eating a meal, it is 11 mmol / l, then doctors diagnose diabetes.For normal well-being, a person with diabetes should strive to stabilize the serum glucose concentration before meals at 5.5–7 mmol / l.
After eating, an increase of up to 8 mmol / l is allowed (up to 10.4 mmol / l is also acceptable). Then the risk of developing complications of the disease will be minimal. In the morning on an empty stomach, glycemia is within the normal range, it is necessary to eat healthy food, do not overeat, have supper until six in the evening.
It is necessary to take a selected dose of glucose-lowering drugs or inject insulin according to the scheme developed by the endocrinologist.
The consequences of the deviation of glucose in the blood from the permissible
Not all diabetics and people who are prone to hyperglycemia, monitor plasma sugar levels. A prolonged and significant deviation from the standard entails serious complications.
Hypoglycemia has a bad effect on the body. With a low content of glucose in serum, energy and oxygen starvation of cells is observed.
This leads to a violation of the functional abilities of the tissues of the organs. Chronic hypoglycemia is fraught with damage to the brain and nervous system.
Increased sugar leads to tissue protein damage. With chronic hyperglycemia, the organs begin to gradually break down. Particularly affected are the kidneys, eyes, blood vessels, and heart. The central nervous system also takes a big hit.
Common Acute Complications of Diabetes:
- ketoacidosis (under this condition, ketone bodies concentrate in the body, leading to disruption of the functioning of internal organs, loss of consciousness);
- hypoglycemia (in any type of diabetes, the concentration of sugar may drop sharply; then hyperhidrosis, seizures occur);
- lactic acid coma (develops as a result of the accumulation of lactic acid; it is manifested by hypotension, anuria, impaired respiratory function, clouding of consciousness);
- hyperosmolar coma (Observed with prolonged dehydration of the body; more typical of people with the second form of diabetes).
Late complications of chronic hyperglycemia are:
- retinopathy (damage to the retina, hemorrhage);
- cataract (clouding of the lens and reduced visual acuity);
- encephalopathy (brain damage with severe headaches and blurred vision);
- polyneuropathy (loss of temperature and pain sensitivity in the limbs);
- angiopathy (manifested by fragility of blood vessels, thrombosis, atherosclerotic changes);
- diabetic foot (the appearance of purulent abscesses, ulcers on the soles of the feet).
Complications usually develop 10–18 years after the onset of an endocrinological disorder, provided that the therapy is correct. If a person does not follow the prescriptions of the doctor-endocrinologist, then violations can occur in the first 5 years of the disease.
About diabetes in older people in the video:
Therefore, it is important for older people to control plasma sugar levels. Older men and women undergo major changes in various organs, increasing the risk of diabetes.
To prevent such a disease, you need to eat right, treat pancreatic pathologies in time, perform physical exercises and follow the doctor's recommendations.