Pancreatitis in cats is a fairly common disease in modern times, which is associated with impaired functionality of the pancreas.
The particular danger of this disease is that at first glance it is very difficult to identify the ailment, for this it is necessary to go through several studies and pass the necessary tests. In this regard, the owners need to be attentive to the pet's health and if the symptoms of pancreatitis begin to manifest, seek the assistance of a veterinarian.
The main symptoms of the disease
Pancreatitis in cats is acute and chronic. In the first case, the main signs of the development of the disease may appear.
- Frequent vomiting and loose stools;
- The cat's body is dehydrated;
- Pet in appearance sluggish;
- Observed disorders of the cardiovascular system;
- Body temperature rises;
- In some cases, breathing is impaired;
- The cat is in pain;
- Pet's skin has gained a yellowish tint.
Acute pancreatitis a cat most often develops against the background of some neglected disease not only of the pancreas, but also of other organs. When toxins enter the blood vessels, the entire body is damaged.
Chronic pancreatitis does not have any pronounced symptoms. Therefore, the owners can for many years ignore the development of the disease, taking the cat's low activity for fatigue or echoes of age. At the same time, the cat has constant drowsiness, frequent rumbling in the stomach, liquid stools of a yellowish hue, the fur loses shine and elasticity. You should contact your veterinarian if the cat has symptoms such as vomiting after eating, lack of appetite, loose stools, rapid heartbeat, fatigue.
Causes of the disease
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to identify the cause of the disease in order to avoid the recurrence of pancreatitis in a pet. For this purpose, the necessary tests are taken and a detailed study of the state of health of the animal is carried out.
The main causes of the disease in cats are:
Pathology at birth;
Excessive or too low weight in an animal;
Glut of calcium;
Departure as a result of ingestion of chemicals, hazardous drugs, alcohol and other harmful substances;
The presence of worms, fungal or viral infections;
Trauma to the abdominal area due to unsuccessful surgery;
Inflammation of the intestine or pancreas;
The presence of diseases such as diabetes, cholecystitis, liver and kidney disease.
In the breeds of the eastern group, the risk of developing the disease is much higher than in other breeds of cats. The disease can worsen during pregnancy, stressful situations, or after changing the type of food. Pancreatitis is diagnosed, as a rule, in older cats, unless the disease is caused by poisoning or a concomitant disease.
Treatment of pancreatitis in cats
The disease is diagnosed and treated with the participation of a veterinarian. If the gag reflex aggravates after eating a cat, you must temporarily stop feeding until the animal is shown to the doctor.
A veterinarian is prescribed a set of measures for the treatment of pancreatitis:
- First of all, all identified factors for the development of the disease are eliminated;
- The blood volume of the animal is maintained;
- The pain is relieved so that the cat's condition does not cause shock;
- Measures are taken to stop the gag reflex;
- In the presence of bacterial diseases, appropriate treatment is carried out;
- After that, the animal is assigned a special dietary food in small portions;
- In the case of diabetes, treatment is carried out by administering insulin;
- Additionally administered drugs pancreatic enzymes;
- Antacids are used;
- For regular monitoring of the animal's condition, it is required to constantly visit the veterinarian, undergo blood and urine tests, monitor the weight, water balance and general well-being of the cat.
To clarify the diagnosis, the animal is assigned to conduct ultrasound, X-ray, biopsy, gastroscopy. Also, urine and blood is taken for general and biochemical analysis.
If the symptoms of the disease do not appear brightly and the disease is at the initial stage of development, a special diet is prescribed for the pet. With vomiting, antiemetic drugs are taken and anesthetic is prescribed if the cat feels pain.
During the study, the reasons for the development of the disease are ascertained and the veterinarian takes all measures to eliminate them with the help of treatment and other methods.
In the event that pancreatitis is at such a stage that it is not treatable, the owners are instructed to feed the cat according to the diet and undergo a treatment course for the pet, during which the inflammatory process is blocked with antibiotics, drugs are taken to improve the cardiovascular system, are found corticosteroids and enzymes.
With an acute form of the disease, the animal is started to be treated immediately upon contacting the veterinary clinic so that the cat does not die in shock or sepsis. With the help of anesthetics, narcotic analgesic drugs, the pet is relieved of severe pain, after which the procedure for replenishing the water balance of the animal is carried out. Droppers and injections with the use of colloidal, salt and other solutions are used for this.
With the help of atropine and similar drugs, the production of secretions is reduced, which has a devastating effect on the internal organs. Hormones and ribonucleases can get rid of puffiness and inflammation, as well as affect the pancreas.
For the disposal of toxins and other harmful substances, the veterinarian prescribes a hardware or drug detoxification. If the disease is neglected and urgent intervention is required, a surgical operation is performed to remove the affected purulent, necrotic and cystic foci in the organs.
The probability of cure pancreatitis
Pancreatitis in cats is a rather unpredictable type of disease. If the disease is at an early stage of development, the chances of being completely cured are high. The danger is that untreated pancreatitis may resume in a more severe form.
Pancreatitis in a cat can be especially dangerous if diabetes, kidney or intestinal diseases are observed. In the chronic form of the disease, life-long treatment is prescribed, which will not cure completely, but will help to avoid acute exacerbations.