Diabetes complications

Where is the pancreas (photo) and with what symptoms hurts

To understand the location in the body of the pancreas, let us turn to anatomical sources and find out the place on the body where the pancreas hurts.

The pancreas enters the digestive system, it is located in the abdominal region under the stomach, when a person is in a lying position.

If the body is located vertically, then the gland will be located behind the stomach, in the abdominal region on its back wall, in contact with the duodenum. Then you can approach the question of why the pancreas hurts.

The pancreas has a body, head and tail. It has many shares, their shape is irregular. The lobes are closely spaced next to each other, they are separated by a connecting capsule. They are almost entirely composed of cells that produce pancreatic juice.

What is the pancreas?

The value of the pancreas consists in the implementation of intrasecretory and exocrine work. She produces hormones and pancreatic juice.

Hormones take part in the circulation of carbohydrates, regulate the degree of sugar in the blood, promote the formation of phospholipids in the human liver.

Pancreatic juice is involved in the separation of carbohydrates, proteins and fats into main components in humans.

The pancreas is a stabilizer of the digestive system.

If the pancreas is impaired in a person, then diseases such as:

  • diabetes,
  • pancreatitis,
  • kidney disease
  • and also hearts
  • spleen,
  • The protective functions of the body deteriorate, since the formation of immunity occurs in the duodenum and it is easy to determine.

Pancreatic Diseases

Often there is such a disease of the pancreas, like pancreatitis, which answers the question of why the pancreas hurts. Its typical symptom is soreness in the side of the left, where the pancreas is located.

Diagnosing pathology is complicated by the fact that sometimes the symptoms and pain on the left can talk about diseases of nearby organs, such as the stomach, liver, gallbladder, if there are problems with them, so where is the pancreas and the manifestation of pain are not necessarily interrelated symptoms.

However, the pain of the pancreas has its own nuances. Which can be determined.

Often the pain is concentrated in different areas. It depends on the degree of damage to the pancreas.

Pain in the hypochondrium on the right appears in case of a disease of the head of the gland, in the epigastric zone - an unhealthy state of the gland body, pain in the hypochondrium on the left indicates an organ disease in the tail area. So the manifestations on the right and left are fully explicable.

A severe form of pancreatitis is characterized by sharp pains in the upper abdominal region, shoulder and scapula on the left, if it comes there.

Protracted form of pancreatitis is a neuralgia of a aching nature, reminiscent of hunger. After nutrition is learned, the pain subsides, but does not disappear.

This and the difference from pain, which indicates a stomach ulcer on the right, it is easy to identify and understand. and naturally, the most difficult prognosis is pancreatic cancer, the signs of which need to be found in the early stages.

Possible factors of neuralgia

The pain of a sharp nature or manifested by contractions, which increases after eating, which can also be promoted by poor diet, choleretic drugs.

Possible symptoms and causes of pain - the presence of stones in the gallbladder, if at the same time one stone can block the ducts, compression of the extreme section in the pancreatic duct or contraction of the sphincter of Oddi, the natural compressed state of the pancreas, which allows us to understand the symptoms .

The cause of constant aching pain, which is not associated with the use of food, can be swelling of pancreatic tissues in such diseases as:

  1. pancreatitis,
  2. large pancreatic cyst,
  3. tumor of positive and negative course.

In case of diseases of the pancreas organ, there are symptoms of malfunctioning of the digestive tract - a feeling of nausea, vomiting, reduced appetite, a feeling of tension in the abdominal cavity from above, and instant satiety when it comes to food.

With an acute and prolonged form of the inflammatory process, it is easy to determine by manifestations, there is an increase in temperature, and other symptoms - intense neuralgia in the abdomen, trembling, dryness in the mouth, weakened condition, joints ache.

This is not visible in the photo - all are precisely the subjective symptoms known if the patient speaks about them. It is important if all this is also the symptoms of pancreatitis in children, because the child is more difficult to endure problems.

Surgical intervention

For tumors of a negative nature, it is often impossible to do without the elimination of the pancreas (pancreathectomy). The duration of this surgery lasts 408 hours, the procedure is done under general anesthesia.

The damaged pancreas and other non-functioning organs are removed. For this, a special section of the abdomen is made.

Before you do a surgical procedure, you may need a course of chemotherapy or radiation, which has its consequences, as in the photo.

After the intervention, there may be deterioration: infection, heavy bleeding, ingestion of the gland juice into the abdominal cavity, damage to other organs. With obesity, heart disease, lung, smoking, poor-quality nutrition, the risk of complications is greatly increased.

Watch the video: Top 5 things you probably didn't know about Pancreatic Cancer with Dr. John A. Chabot (September 2019).