The question of how to deal with diabetes is interested in a large number of people suffering from this complex disease associated with metabolic disorders.
How to deal with diabetes to avoid further development of the disease and the manifestation of various negative effects? After all, this pathological process leads to the disruption of many metabolic processes occurring in the body, destroying the normal performance of internal organs and systems.
To date, there are various methods of dealing with diabetes mellitus type 2, which constitute the passage of a comprehensive course of treatment. It should be noted that it is impossible to completely get rid of this disease, but it is possible to prevent the development of complications and constantly monitor its course.
The main components of complex therapy should be:
- constant and careful observance of the necessary food;
- sports or physical therapy.
- Reception of drugs prescribed by the attending physician.
In consultation with a medical specialist, it is also possible to include in the course of treatment various methods that alternative medicine offers.
What are the risk factors for diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people over thirty years of age. Often one of the factors of this development is the presence of excess weight caused by improper human nutrition. In addition, there are a number of reasons that can cause the manifestation of the disease. These include:
If one of the parents was observed manifestation of such a pathological process. Many diseases, including diabetes mellitus, can develop as a result of exposure to a hereditary factor and genetic predisposition. Strong emotional turmoil, constant stressful situations.
Maintaining an inactive or sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity necessary for the body. As a result of various viral diseases that may be chronic. Hard work and lack of proper rest.
Malfunctions in the normal operation and pathology of the pancreas, which cause the production of the hormone insulin in insufficient quantities.
In order to start fighting diabetes, it is necessary to carry out appropriate diagnostics and, at a minimum, donate blood for analysis. Often the first signs of pathology appear when the disease is gaining momentum in its development. That is why it is important to undergo preventive medical research at least twice a year.
Nevertheless, it is necessary to pay attention to the signals that the body gives in the form of such symptoms:
- constant feeling of thirst, dryness in the oral cavity, which leads to significant fluid intake (often at night).
- the person is accompanied by apathy, constant sleepiness and high fatigue. In addition, increased irritability.
- frequent urge to urinate and abundant excretion of fluid from the body, indicates the development of the disease and impaired water metabolism.
- constant excess of normal blood pressure indicators;
- irresistible cravings for sweets and increased appetite, while despite the consumption of more food, a person can lose their weight;
In addition, a symptom of the disease may be the deterioration of the skin, which can manifest itself in the appearance of various spots, rashes or redness.
The skin becomes dry and rough, its elasticity is lost.
What is the drug treatment?
Modern medicine uses various groups of drugs to normalize glucose levels and maintain metabolic processes in the body. Reception of any medicines should be appointed by a medical specialist. In this case, self-medication or changing the medication, its dosage is strictly prohibited, as it can cause the appearance of negative consequences.
Fighting diabetes mellitus type 2, it should be remembered that taking medication should be accompanied by constant monitoring of blood glucose levels. How to remove the fight will tell the doctor endocrinologist.
To date, the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus consists of using one of the following groups of medical devices:
- Drugs that are derivatives of sulfonylurea. The pharmacological effect is to stimulate the secretion of endogenous insulin. The main advantage of medical devices in this group is the easy tolerance of the drug by most patients. Sulfonylurea based products include Amaryl and Diabeton.
- Medical tools from the biguanide group. Their effects are aimed at reducing the need for insulin secretion. The main representatives of this group of drugs are Siofor, Glyukofazh and Gliformin.
- Drugs that are derivatives of thiazolidinol, help reduce blood sugar levels and have a positive effect on the normalization of the lipid profile.
- Incretins (Bagomet, Metglib).
The drug selected for treatment should be taken in dosages specified by the attending physician. In addition, the patient’s condition, level of physical exertion, and weight category should be taken into account.
Therapeutic exercise and diet therapy in diabetes mellitus
Regardless of medication, the prerequisites for maintaining the patient’s normal condition are compliance with the necessary diet and regular physical exercise.
Today, there are specially designed physical therapy programs that help fight diabetes without drugs. In addition, you can go swimming or go to the gym. In some cases, daily fresh air walking is sufficient. A half-hour walk at a moderate pace will also favorably affect the patient's well-being and help reduce elevated blood glucose levels. An important point is also moderation in such physical activities, as in the fight against the disease, it is important not to overdo it and be extremely careful with it.
Diet therapy continues throughout the life of the patient. This means that for the sake of maintaining health a person must be ready to give up sugar and sweet foods and to radically reconsider the diet. In addition, the number of prohibited foods include bakery products, coffee, alcoholic beverages, canned and convenience foods, fatty and fried foods.
It is necessary to make food in such a way that:
- eat in small portions.
- avoid overeating.
- set about five meals throughout the day.
- drink plenty of fluids.
The basis of the daily menu should be the following products:
- fresh vegetables and greens. Spinach, cucumbers, cabbage zucchini should have a special place in the daily menu.
- Some types of unsweetened fruit.
- legumes and cereals.
It is better if the diet will be developed by a medical specialist, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient, his weight, level of physical activity.
Methods of treatment with traditional medicine
Alternative medicine offers a huge amount of prescription that will normalize blood glucose levels. Any use of such methods should be agreed with the attending physician, especially if the patient is taking certain medications.
The most popular are the following recipes that can be prepared at home:
A decoction of blueberry leaves has long been used to normalize sugar levels. To make a healing drink, it is necessary to chop the blueberry leaflets (approximately one tablespoon is needed) and pour two cups of boiling water over them, let it brew. It is necessary to accept broth in fifteen minutes prior to the main meal. A single dose is half a cup.
The second way to use blueberries for treatment is to prepare a compote of its berries. It is necessary to cook blueberry compote (two tablespoons of blueberries - one glass of water) and take a few spoons ten minutes before eating.
Burdock root and dandelion leaves are believed to contain substances that mimic the action of insulin. To prepare the drug, grind both components and boil for ten minutes. After that, leave the broth to infuse for another half hour. Take the resulting infusion one tablespoon three times a day.
Experts will talk about the principles of fighting diabetes in the video in this article.