Diabetes complications

What is gingivitis, and why does it get its development in diabetes?

There are lucky among us who go to the dentist just to smile. And to hear that they have no problems. Nevertheless, it often happens the other way around - most of us have problems with both our teeth and gums. For example, many suffer from gingivitis.

What it is?

Gingivitis is called inflammation of the gums. Bring a mirror closer and look at your gums. Are they light pink? This is a good sign.

But if the gum tissues are red (especially the "triangles" between the teeth) and look swollen, perhaps this is gingivitis. Although 100% just say a dentist.

The causes of inflammation are many. For example, laziness in the care of teeth. Or the persistent reluctance of many to go to the doctor in time and treat caries. But the gums are inflamed in the first place.
Diabetes mellitus (any type) refers to diseases that are directly related to gingivitis.
In diabetics:

  • blood circulation in soft tissues is disturbed;
  • salivation often decreases, and then harmful bacteria can accumulate in the mouth;
  • tooth enamel changes pathologically;
  • immunity weakens.

It turns out that even careful care of the teeth and gums does not always help to avoid gingivitis in diabetes - very quickly this disease can occur and develop.

How dangerous is it?

By itself - almost none. Inflammation often affects only the surface of the gums, the jaw bones do not suffer. It is rather a signal that not everything is in order. But with diabetes, simple and light diseases do not happen. This means that gingivitis requires the attention of both the patient and his dentist.

In the most severe cases, the teeth fall out.
If not treated, it is quickly complicated by periodontal disease. And these are already significant problems - bleeding of the gums, their looseness, the mobility of the teeth (this greatly hinders or does not allow chewing at all).

How is it treated?

Your dentist must have specific knowledge of how to work with diabetic patients.
In addition, without special urgency and special indications, any dental treatment should be carried out in order to compensate for the disease.

Stages of treatment:

  • Removing deposits on the teeth (they provoke inflammation of the gums). This is done only by a doctor!
  • Anti-inflammatory therapy. At this stage, the mouth rinse regularly, make applications on the gums. Use for this broths and herbal infusions or fees, as well as special medicines.

Prevention of diabetes

  1. Careful sugar control is already one of the measures. Compensated diabetes is a minimum of complications, including in the dental plan.
  2. Attentive, without any laziness, hygiene of teeth and gums. For example, only brushing teeth with diabetes is not enough. It is important to thoroughly rinse your mouth after any snack.
  3. Going to the dentist should be constantly, according to the schedule prescribed by the doctor.
  4. If you smoke - throw urgently, do not add problems.

Remember that a violation of carbohydrate metabolism is difficult to be treated by a dentist. The fact is that diabetics lowered the pain threshold. And they get tired faster. And then it’s just impossible to sit in the doctor’s chair for a long time. So watch your teeth and gums - it will add to your health.

You can choose the right doctor and make an appointment right now:

Watch the video: Can cleaning your teeth protect against diabetes and heart disease? (September 2019).