Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that requires constant monitoring throughout life to prevent the development of complications. Diabetes control is the constant measurement of sugar, diet, physical activity and taking medication if prescribed by a doctor.
If you do not listen to the recommendations of the doctor, skip the medication or an injection of a hormone, then a hyperglycemic state (high blood glucose) is detected, to the point that sugar is 30 units.
This indicator is characterized by extreme danger, high probability of development of numerous complications, therefore it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor to establish the root causes of the violation.
If sugar jumped to the level of 30 or more units, what should be done in this situation, and what reasons might contribute to this?
How to reduce sugar?
Blood sugar levels can reach really huge values, and 30 mmol / l is far from the limit. This hyperglycemic condition is characterized by extreme danger, because ketoacidosis will soon come, and then coma.
How to reduce the performance of sugar, and what treatment is needed? The first action of a diabetic is to seek help from a doctor. Unfortunately, it is impossible to cope with the problem on your own.
After it is recommended to reconsider your diet. It is not excluded that such a sharp jump in glucose was the result of the use of harmful food. At the same time, it is required to carry out all activities in order to reduce the sugar indices.
If a diabetic has sugar in the region of 30 units, then the only food for him is eating foods that contain a small amount of carbohydrates. In other words, a strict low-carb diet.
Glucose at around 30 units indicates that if immediate and appropriate treatment is not started, then the diabetic is in serious danger of irreversible complications, even death.
Unfortunately, modern medicine has not found new ways to lower sugar, so the doctor may recommend the following:
- Low carb diet.
- Physical activity.
- Sugar control
It should be noted that diet food is to some extent a panacea for diabetics, as it allows you to improve health and reduce the concentration of sugar in the blood, regardless of the type of diabetes of the patient and his age.
If the necessary measures are taken in time, then within 3-5 days, the sugar content in the blood normalizes to almost the required level.
That in turn will allow to avoid the accompanying pathologies that so often "accompany" diabetes.
Why is glucose going up?
Along with what measures need to be taken to improve their health and reduce sugar, the patient should know what reason provoked his rise to such a high level that in the future it was possible to exclude it.
If there is 30 units of blood sugar, there may be a lot of reasons for this condition - it is pregnancy, stressful situation, nervous tension, psychological disorder. In addition, they provoke an increase in sugar and many minor pathologies.
However, diabetics usually increase their blood glucose levels due to improper utilization of carbohydrates.
If we talk in general, it is possible to identify the main reasons that lead to sugar jumps in the human body:
- Hormonal changes in the body. In this regard, the drops of sugar can be observed during childbirth, before the menstrual cycle, during menopause.
- Alcoholic beverages, tobacco, drugs. These bad habits can significantly harm the patient, almost instantly raising the sugar to unimaginable limits.
- Emotional lability. As medical practice shows, diabetes control is a calm emotional background. Stress and nervous experiences do not pass without leaving a trace, causing sharp drops in blood sugar.
- Physical activity. An inactive lifestyle adversely affects the course of diabetes, metabolic processes are further inhibited, which in turn leads to an increase in sugar. But exercise therapy for diabetes will be very useful.
In principle, every diabetic knows that after a meal, blood glucose increases, because at this moment there is an active processing of food. Normally, everything should be normalized within a short period of time.
However, diabetics are a bit different. In this regard, nutrition is another reason that can significantly increase sugar.
Why is there no effect on insulin?
It often happens that diabetics with a history of the first type of diabetes ask the doctor why insulin does not help? They note that they inject a dose of the hormone in a timely manner, but the glucose is still kept at around 20-30 units. Why it happens?
Indeed, insulin is not always a guarantee that the glucose in the blood will be at the required level and there will be no jumps. As practice shows, even on insulin therapy, many patients have high sugar.
And there are many reasons for this. Only by knowing the etiology of the ineffectiveness of insulin therapy can these factors be eliminated by not allowing high levels of glucose. So why doesn't the hormone help?
Consider the most common reasons:
- Incorrectly chosen dose of the drug.
- There is no balance between diet and hormone injections.
- The patient does not properly store insulin.
- Two types of insulin are mixed in one syringe.
- Disruption of the introduction of the hormone
- Incorrect area of insulin administration.
- There were seals in the area of introduction of the hormone.
- Quick removal of the needle, the use of alcohol liquids for wiping.
Treat diabetes of the first type is recommended insulin. And in this case, when the doctor prescribes the introduction of the hormone, he provides the patient with a memo, where all the rules and recommendations are written in black and white. They help to do everything right, which in turn allows you to control diabetes.
For example, if you rub the place of the future injection with alcohol, the effectiveness of insulin therapy is reduced by 10%. And if you quickly pull the needle out of the skin fold, then some part of the drug may leak. Thus, it happens that the diabetic did not receive any part of the hormonal drug.
On the place of insulin injections, seals are often formed, therefore, for the effectiveness of therapy, it is recommended to prick into the same place no more often than once a month.
Glucose 30 units: complications
As mentioned above, if there is 30 units of blood sugar, it is necessary to take measures to help normalize glucose and stabilize it within acceptable limits. If you do nothing, then soon there will be complications.
High levels of sugar will soon lead to ketoacidosis. The fact is that the body will try to dispose of a large accumulation of sugar through the breakdown of fat. And this in turn leads to the fact that ketone bodies are released, which are toxins for the body.
Ketoacidosis is treated exclusively in stationary conditions. The patient is recommended the introduction of insulin, then fill the lack of fluid in the body, compensate for the deficiency of mineral substances.
Symptoms of ketoacidosis:
- High blood sugar.
- Frequent and heavy urination.
- Constant thirst.
- Increased irritability.
- In urine ketone bodies.
- Violation of visual perception.
- Pain in the abdomen.
A significant increase in sugar levels can lead to the development of diabetic coma, which is characterized by loss of consciousness, lack of reflexes. This condition can progress rapidly, and it can develop within a day.
If a patient has symptoms of coma, it is recommended to urgently call an ambulance crew. This condition is treated exclusively in stationary conditions in the intensive care unit.
Clinical picture (main features):
- Decreased muscle tone.
- An attack of nausea, vomiting.
- Pain in the abdomen.
- Tachycardia, noisy shallow breathing.
- Excessive urination.
- Low blood pressure.
In the second type of diabetes, hyperosmolar coma most often develops, with no signs of ketoacidosis. This condition can be provoked by surgery, poor kidney function, and an acute form of pancreatitis.
Regardless of the type of diabetes, the disease should be controlled in all directions: nutrition, exercise, dosage of drugs, preventive measures. This is the only way to compensate for the pathology, to prevent serious complications. The video in this article will help you understand the essence of diabetes and reduce the level of sugar correctly.