Carbohydrates are a key supplier of energy for the body. Complex sugars enter the human body with food, under the action of enzymes, they are broken down into simple ones. If a child has signs of high blood glucose levels, you should immediately consult a doctor. You should know how to donate blood for sugar to a child of 1 year.
A certain amount of glucose with blood enters the cells to participate in the metabolism and provide them with energy. First, the brain cells are supplied with energy. The rest of the glucose is deposited in the cookie.
With a lack of glucose, the body produces it from its fat cells, in some cases from muscle proteins. This process is not safe since ketone bodies are formed - toxic fats.
Diabetes is a serious pathology that is fraught with many complications. As a rule, the treatment is performed by an endocrinologist or a pediatrician. The doctor gives advice on sleep patterns and diet.
The doctor must quickly decide what to do. Glucose tolerance tests, that is, sugar curves with glucose load, as well as the determination of glycosylated hemoglobin (glucose and hemoglobin) may be required.
Diabetes has characteristic symptoms:
- strong thirst
- increase the amount of daily urine,
- strong appetite
- drowsiness and weakness
- weight loss
If there is one or more of the following factors, you need to systematically monitor the amount of glucose in the blood:
- excess weight,
- genetic predisposition
- reduced immunity
- child's weight over 4.5 kg at birth.
In some cases, diabetes occurs in children as a hidden, latent disease. The peculiarities of a child’s body are such that a certain amount of insulin is taken for a small amount of carbohydrates that it consumes, and two hours later it has a sugar rate in its cut.
But when eating excessive amounts of carbohydrates, which stimulate a significant release of insulin, there is depletion of the pancreas, and the disease may become apparent with all the characteristic manifestations. For these children, the basic rule is to control carbohydrate intake.
It is necessary to eat rationally, and to avoid loads on the pancreas.
How is diabetes in a child
It is important to understand that children need to be systematically monitored, since even regular research does not always guarantee health. Even the first characteristic of diabetes symptom, should cause a visit to the doctor.
You can avoid this if you know the symptoms. One of the main signs of diabetes is considered to be increased thirst, which the patient constantly feels. Parents should monitor the weight of the child, since it can decline without good reason.
The daily dose of urine in 1 year should be 2-3 liters. If more - this is an occasion to consult a doctor. Night involuntary urination is recognized as one of the manifestations of diabetes.
Due to endocrine disruption, one year old children may experience problems with digestion:
It constantly torments the kid that is expressed in whims and crying.
Despite the obvious symptoms, it is not always possible to see that diabetes is formed. A baby of 1 year and younger cannot yet say that he is worried, and parents should constantly monitor his condition.
If you have the slightest suspicion, it is important to know how to donate the baby’s blood to determine the level of sugar. It should be noted that such diseases are easier to prevent than to try to cure.
There are certain reasons why diabetes can occur. First of all, it is a genetic predisposition. The chances of getting sick in a child increase if the mother has diabetes.
Increase the risk of illness caused by a child of viral diseases. Often the cause of endocrine disruption lies precisely in infections, because they cause disruption of the pancreas.
Medical evidence suggests that children who frequently suffer from infectious diseases are several times more likely to suffer from diabetes. This is due to the fact that the body due to the similarity of virus cells and pancreatic cells, takes the gland for the enemy and begins to fight it. This adversely affects the health of the child and its future state.
The weight of the baby affects the incidence of diabetes. If the birth of a baby its weight exceeded 4.5 kg, then it falls into the risk zone. Such a child should have a high chance of getting diabetes in the future. Doctors report that children born with a weight of less than four kilograms are less likely to undergo this endocrine pathology.
Chances of development of pathology are also influenced by the features of the baby’s diet. Parents should ensure that the child does not use flour products, in particular:
- sweet foods
The use of fatty foods that cause irreparable damage to digestion is not allowed at this age.
Listed foods increase blood sugar. You should consult with your doctor about diet.
A blood test for sugar in a child determines the level of sugar, which is an important source of energy for the body.
There are certain norms of blood glucose levels. In the year the child must have indicators from 2.78 - 4.4 mmol / l. At the age of 2-6 years, the rate is 3.3 - 5 mmol / l. After 6 years, 3.3 - 7.8 mmol / l after eating or taking glucose solution.
Such studies are necessary if the child:
- suffering from overweight,
- has relatives suffering from diabetes,
- at birth, weighed more than 4.5 kg.
In addition, a blood test for sugar in children is required if there are such symptoms:
- frequent urination,
- constant thirst
- the prevalence in the diet of sweet foods
- weakness after eating,
- sudden changes in appetite and mood
- fast weight loss.
In the normal state, there are several hormones in the blood that regulate sugar production:
- insulin is secreted by the pancreas, it lowers blood glucose,
- glucagon - is secreted by the pancreas, it increases the level of sugar,
- catecholamines, which are secreted by the adrenal glands, they increase the level of sugar,
- cortisol produces the adrenal glands, it controls the production of glucose,
- ACTH, secreted by the pituitary, it stimulates cortisol and catecholamine hormones.
The reasons for the deviation of indicators
Typically, diabetes shows itself by increasing the amount of sugar in the urine and blood. But, in some cases, an increase in sugar concentration is affected by:
- stress and exercise,
- eating food before testing
- abnormalities in the functioning of the adrenal glands,
- use of diuretic and hormonal drugs.
The decrease in blood sugar can be when:
- disruption of the liver, which is caused by acquired or hereditary diseases,
- fasting for a long time
- drinking alcohol
- digestive disorders
- vascular pathologies,
- pancreatic tumors,
- incorrect insulin dosages in the treatment of diabetes,
- mental disorders and neurosis.
Parents, as a rule, are interested in how to prepare for donating blood for sugar. Blood for sugar to the child is taken on an empty stomach. Eating may affect the accuracy of the study. You can not eat at least eight hours.
Preparation also consists in refusing the child in food and to give only water. In addition, the child does not need to brush his teeth, because there is sugar in the toothpaste, it can enter the blood through the gums. It also directly affects the accuracy of the result.
Parents are wondering where a doctor takes blood for sugar from young children. In most cases, blood is taken for sugar in children in the laboratory. Determining the level of sugar in the capillary blood from a finger can also be done with a glucometer. A one-year-old child can be taken from the heel or toe.
How to donate blood for sugar baby 1 year? After eating food, carbohydrates in the intestine break up into simple monosaccharides, and they are absorbed. A few hours after eating a healthy person, only glucose will be in the blood.
You need to donate blood for sugar before the morning meal. The child is forbidden to drink a lot and take any food for about 10 hours. It is necessary to make sure that the child was calm and did not exercise during this period.
If the child had blood on an empty stomach, the results should be less than 4.4 mmol / l when he is one year old. When analyzing a child under five years old, the result should be less than 5 mmol / l. from 5 years.
If the rate is increased and it is more than 6.1 mmol / l, then the doctor notes that diabetes can occur. In this case, re-analysis is done to more accurately determine the indicators.
The doctor may prescribe an analysis of glycated hemoglobin. Its rate for children is up to 5.7%. Blood tests are carried out in public clinics, hospitals, private laboratories. There, parents will be told how to donate blood.
The concentration of glucose in the blood of a child is an important indicator that reflects the state of metabolism and general health.
Regular preventive examinations will provide an opportunity to be confident in the health of the child. If the indicators are deviated from the norm, efforts should be made to return them to normal, without waiting for the formation of severe complications and a poor prognosis.
The rules for blood sugar testing are described in the video in this article.