Diabetes mellitus is a very unpleasant disease, burdened by many complications and requiring constant monitoring. To understand at what indicators you should think about your health and start “sounding the alarm”, you should know some features of the occurrence of this disease.
Is the 5.6 indicator dangerous, or should you not worry? But maybe for one group of the population it is overstated, and for the other is the norm? In any case, when you suddenly found a little too high test results, you should pull yourself together and calm down.
The state of health of any person is in his own hands, and you can turn back any disease, if you recognize the symptoms in time, go to the doctor and begin the treatment process.
How is the adjustment of blood sugar
The main hormone that reduces the "sugar" indicators, is insulin. The place of its production in a complex internal "production" is in the pancreas, namely in the structures of beta cells, but the increasing factors are hormones of a different nature, among them the main ones are:
- Glucagon, the area of its synthesis in the human body are also pancreatic cells, but others that react to a decrease in sugar above the normal level;
- Representatives of the "family" of hormones that are formed in the adrenal glands are called adrenaline and norepinephrine;
- There is another class that eats, glucocorticoids;
- In the brain or pituitary gland, there are hormones commanders;
- In the complex mechanism of human internal organs there are also substances with hormone-like properties, they also increase glucose to some extent.
This list proves how many hormones have the function of increasing sugar and only one insulin works to reduce it.
What is the difference between the glucose levels in different sexes?
To better and more accurately understand the level fluctuations during a certain period, it is necessary to conduct a study and pass a blood test for sugar. It is impossible to consume food 9-10 hours before the sampling of the material under study, otherwise the result will not be accurate.
Water and tea are forbidden, it is recommended that you sleep properly, only under such strict conditions you can expect accurate performance.
A special aggravating circumstance can serve as an infectious disease, the doctors act in two ways: either they are waiting until recovery, or they are not obsessed with this fact and do not take it into account.
And the male and female population has the same fixed standards:
- Blood from a finger should have data 3,3 - 3, 5;
- Venous blood differs by several units: 4.0–6.1.
When a patient takes an analysis on an empty stomach, the results are somewhat different, namely, 5.6-6.6 mmol per liter, then we can talk about a certain shift towards the greatest insulin sensitivity.
So, these results suggest that if you do not pay attention to this fact in time, and do not start treatment, sooner or later this situation can turn into diabetes in all its glory.
Usually, doctors are offered for the accuracy of the diagnosis and its final confirmation, to be tested by a special intake of tableted glucose.
There are several more steps:
- Repeated studies to identify the level of glucose;
- Blood glucose test;
- The study of the level mark of glycated hemoglobin, which is the final and close to the ideal of accuracy instance in the final sentence.
A few years ago, it was possible to pass such tests only in the conditions of the polyclinic, having stood a long queue and having spent a lot of energy, now everything is different. Nothing will affect the results and will not confuse the doctor, as any person can measure sugar without leaving home with a special device - a glucometer.
How to use this device correctly
The blood glucose meter is indeed a very useful thing, especially for the elderly, who over the years have a greater risk of diabetes.
- Make it a rule, before using any gadget, study its instructions;
- Checking the sugar level is done only with an empty stomach, best in the morning;
- Before piercing your finger, thoroughly wash your hands and knead those fingers from which blood will be taken;
- Wipe the injection site with an alcohol solution;
- The finger should be pierced from the side with a scarifier on the meter;
- Wipe the first droplet with a cotton pad, drop the second onto the striped test;
- We insert it into the gadget and expect a verdict that appears right there on the board.
Standards for children:
- From birth to one year - 2.8 - 4, 4 mmol / l;
- From 1 to 5 years - 3.3 - 5.0 mmol / l;
- Further, the norm as in adults.
Pregnant women are distinguished by special indicators, since during this energy-intensive period per baby they are more sensitive to insulin dependence, the energy released by the body is needed as makeup for the fetus and the maintenance of the maternal organism during restructuring.
Normal numbers during pregnancy - 3.8 - 5, 8 mmol / l. If it is already 6, 1, then it becomes necessary to test tolerance.
During the entire period of pregnancy, women are often susceptible to the onset of gestational diabetes. What happens inside the mother? Maternal tissues become resistant to personal insulin, it is obtained by the work of the pancreas.
A similar situation develops in the second and third trimester and there is a chance that everything will pass after the birth of the child, but it is not always the case. Otherwise, the mother becomes ill with diabetes.
For this very reason, one of the most important tests is the study of the level of glucose in the blood. The situation becomes more complicated if the pregnant woman has suffered from diabetes or is herself prone to obesity.
So is it worth it or not to “beat the bells” when the sugar level corresponds to 5.6? No, in this case, you can live in peace and do not panic. The situation is under control and danger e presents.
It is worth recalling that the basis of good health as at all times are three "whales": a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition and a good positive mood.
If you stick to a diet and do reasonable physical exertion, no disease can attack you. Do not forget about the support of immunity and do not worry about trifles. Life is given to man to enjoy every data over the day.