Can a sweet potato with type 2 diabetes? The issue in modern realities has acquired particular relevance due to the high prevalence of "sweet" disease. After all, as it is known, diabetics should use only approved products with low or medium GI.
Sweet potato or the so-called sweet potato grows in regions with a tropical climate, South America is considered the homeland. In appearance it looks like an ordinary potato, it tastes like a sweet pumpkin or a banana.
The glycemic index of the product is 55 units, 100 grams contain about 62 calories, contains protein substances, fats, carbohydrates, saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins B1, B2, ascorbic acid, minerals and other components.
Consider the dietary habits of type 2 diabetes, and also find out how to use sweet potatoes? Find out how pathology is treated with sweet potatoes?
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is characterized by impaired glucose digestibility, as a result of which its accumulation in the blood is observed. Chronically high values in the body are fraught with numerous complications, so they require constant monitoring.
In pathology, the basis of therapy is a health food, which includes foods with a low glycemic index, as well as physical exertion, which contribute to an increase in glucose digestibility, and normalizes blood circulation.
When non-pharmacological therapies do not give the desired therapeutic effect, the doctor in addition recommends medicines to improve the functionality of the pancreas.
So that patients could calculate the sugar content in a particular product, a concept such as the glycemic index was invented. The indicator equal 100% appears sugar in pure form. For convenience, all values are contained in the table.
When a patient consumes food containing a small amount of fructose, the glucose practically does not increase or rises slightly. Products with a high concentration of granulated sugar increase glycemia, have a high glycemic index.
If a diabetic is overweight, then the calculation of the daily menu takes into account the caloric content of food consumed, taking into account the physical activity of a person.
Ignoring the rules of nutrition leads to a hyperglycemic state, deterioration of health and progression of the underlying disease.
Batat and diabetes
Batat with diabetes can eat, despite the relatively high glycemic index of 55 units. It should be noted that the calorie content of sweet potatoes is quite low.
"Unusual Potatoes" contains a small amount of carbohydrates, respectively, practically does not affect the indicators of glucose concentration in the human body. The composition contains dietary fiber, slowing down the process of digestion, which contributes to the regulation of sugar.
Clearly, it is allowed to include in the menu, but in all you need to know the measure. If you overeat and eat every day, you can be more likely to say that this will lead to blood glucose jumps and other health problems.
Doctors recommend eating sweet potatoes up to 5 times a month in small portions, while it is better in the morning.
The use of sweet potatoes is carried out in different ways:
- Eat raw, after washing and cleaning the fruit.
- Prepare mashed potatoes. Cut into small cubes, boil until cooked, drain the liquid, mash the potatoes.
- Bake in the oven without oil and fat.
Doctors recommend eating sweet potatoes in boiled or baked form, the recommended dosage is no more than 200-250 grams at a time. It is necessary to abandon the root, if a history of gastric ulcers, gastritis, pancreatitis.
Excessive abuse violates the functionality of the liver, leads to an excess of vitamin A in the body, can cause kidney pathologies.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by many chronic complications that develop during the course of the disease. Medical statistics notes that male diabetics often have problems with erectile ability, caused by high sugar.
The use of sweet potatoes has a positive effect on the reproductive system and sexual desire, hormones are normalized.
The composition contains a lot of fiber of vegetable nature, which prevents the formation of constipation, normalizes the activity of the digestive and gastrointestinal tract, strengthens the immune system, protects the body from frequent respiratory pathologies.
Often diabetes and hypertension "go" next. Potato helps to normalize blood pressure indicators and stabilize them at the required level. At the same time, it improves the condition of the blood vessels and veins, normalizes the concentration of cholesterol.
The presence of complex carbohydrates in the composition slows down the process of food digestion, as a result of which there is no danger for diabetics in the abrupt development of a hyperglycemic state. Provided that they adhere to the rules of dosage.
Medicinal properties are:
- Improving the functionality of the digestive system and gastrointestinal tract.
- Prevention of arthritis.
- Normalization of blood pressure.
- Improving brain activity and visual perception.
- Prevention of neurosis, insomnia.
- Leveling chronic fatigue.
Smoking patients receive double benefit from sweet potatoes, as they contain a lot of vitamin A and C - namely, the deficiency of these substances is observed in smokers.
The composition of the sweet potato contains carotenoids - substances that, against the background of the second type of diabetes, increase the sensitivity of tissues to insulin.
Sweet Potato Disease Treatment
Definitely, the diabetic menu should include exclusively authorized products that do not provoke blood glucose jumps. However, the best option is food that helps lower glucose.
Doctors at the University of Austria set out to find natural products that really effectively lower glucose levels, and turned their attention to a tuberous plant.
In Brazilian Amazonia, the product is used raw for the treatment of anemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Currently, root extract is sold in Japan as a dietary supplement for the treatment of "sweet" disease.
Researchers at the School of Medicine in Austria suggested that the root crop actually lowers the concentration of glucose, respectively, control will be easier. To confirm his theory in practice, a study was conducted with the participation of volunteers.
The experiment involved 61 patients. Some of them received daily 4 grams of extract of a tuberous plant, others - a placebo. The study was conducted within three months.
During this time, blood sugar was measured daily on an empty stomach, as well as after a meal.
The experiment showed that patients who took the extract, there is a significant improvement, sugar decreased. Those taking a placebo did not have this effect. At the same time, it was noticed that potatoes significantly influenced the level of cholesterol, as a result of which it decreased.
An earlier study showed similar results. It was attended by 16 men, it lasted for six weeks.
Based on two experiments, we can conclude that sweet potatoes are an effective product for lowering glucose levels.
Other sugar reducing products
The diabetic's diet must necessarily include a sweet potato, because it is not only a tasty product, but also a kind of "medicine" that increases the insulin sensitivity of the tissues, respectively, there is a persistent compensation for the disease.
There are other products that keep glucose at a target level. The leader is seafood - squid, shrimp, mussels and others. Their glycemic index is only five units, they practically do not contain carbohydrates, while providing the body with protein.
All green vegetables and greens have a low GI, a negligible amount of fructose, a low GI, but are abundant in fiber and slow carbohydrates, so you need to make a daily menu.
Sweet peppers, radishes, tomatoes, beets and eggplants quickly help lower blood sugar. Fresh beetroot and carrot juice is equally effective.
A tuberous plant will benefit a diabetic, but in limited quantities. It is permissible to eat raw, and in the cooking process it is not recommended to use vegetable oils.
Elena Malysheva will tell about the benefits and harms of the sweet potato together with the experts in the video in this article.