Type 2 diabetes affects more and more people each year. The main cause of the disease is improper diet, and as a result, overweight. When making such a diagnosis, the patient is simply obliged, in order to preserve his health, to radically change the food system. Indeed, in this case, diet therapy is a guarantee of normal indicators of glucose concentration in the blood.
Endocrinologists give diabetics advice on food choices, which are based on glycemic index (GI) indicators. This indicator shows how blood sugar rises after consuming a certain product or drink.
In an insulin-dependent type of diabetes, doctors also tell patients how to calculate the number of bread units (CEM) in products. It is required to calculate the dose of short or ultrashort hormone insulin.
Typically, hospitals provide only a list of foods and drinks that are most popular in everyday food. But, what about lovers of the exotic? This article focuses on such a fruit as avocado. Below we will consider whether it is possible to eat avocados with diabetes mellitus, the benefits and harms of this food product, which avocado has the glycemic index and how much HE is in it, the allowed daily rate.
For those who regularly have high blood sugar, you need to choose foods and drinks with an index of up to 50 units. Such food will not significantly affect the blood glucose concentration. Not everyone knows that some products after heat treatment and changes in consistency can increase their index.
This rule does not apply to avocados, so it can be safely brought to the consistency of mashed potatoes and not be afraid that the avocado glycemic index will change. In addition to this value, it is necessary to take into account calorie content. After all, diabetics of any type (first, second, and gestational) necessarily need to monitor their body weight.
Usually, food with a zero-units index, such as lard or vegetable oil, is overloaded with bad cholesterol. And this can adversely affect the vessels of patients, since they are prone to blockage of blood vessels and the formation of cholesterol plaques. But this is by no means an avocado.
- GI is equal to only 10 units;
- calorie per 100 grams of product will be 160 kcal;
- bread units per 100 grams are 0.08 XE.
The calorie content of this fruit is quite high, so the avocado for diabetes should be eaten in small portions. The daily rate will be up to 200 grams.
It is also recommended to eat avocados in the first half of the day in order to consume the calories that have entered the body, which "burn out" faster during physical activity in the first half of the day.
Avocados and type 2 diabetes are quite compatible concepts. Many foreign doctors advise their patients to supplement the diet with this fruit at least twice a week. All this is quite understandable. First, avocado lowers blood glucose due to the presence of a substance such as mannoheptulose (monosaccharide). Secondly, this food product contains a record amount of vitamins.
This fruit is also called Perseus American. This plant is evergreen, and the fruits are distinguished by the richest composition of vitamins, polyunsaturated acids and minerals. Due to this composition, abroad avocado is included in the nutrition of people in the postoperative period.
But it should be borne in mind that a number of diabetics may have an allergic reaction, so this product should be used with caution, gradually introducing it into the diet. You need to start with 50 grams, doubling daily servings. And if there are no side effects (urticaria, redness, itching of the skin), then this fruit should become an integral part of the weekly diet.
Content of useful substances:
- provitamin A;
- B vitamins;
- vitamin C;
- vitamin PP;
With regularly increased concentration of glucose in the blood, target organs, including the cardiovascular system, are affected in diabetics. But to reduce the negative effects of sugar and strengthen the heart muscle, you can use sufficient intake of potassium. That is why avocados for type 2 diabetes and the first one is valuable.
The presence of monosaccharides lowers blood glucose, and copper in turn restores the salt balance.
In the diet, you can use not only the fruit pulp, but also avocado oil. It has a pleasant nutty flavor and is ideal for filling vegetable salads.
Avocados for diabetics have the following positive effects:
- strengthens the heart muscle and normalizes the cardiovascular system:
- due to the presence of lowering substances, namely, monosaccharides, reduces the concentration of sugar in the blood;
- reduces the risk of beriberi due to its rich composition.
Thanks to such an abundance of vitamins and minerals, low GI, avocado is a valuable addition to the daily diabetic diet.
Avocados are eaten not only as a separate product, but also widely used in the preparation of salads. Such salads adequately complement the holiday menu for diabetics of both the first and second type.
The first recipe presented is for two people, that is, for two servings. It is low-calorie and is suitable for a healthy and light snack. It will take one avocado, one cucumber, two eggs, a few cloves of garlic, a little lemon juice and a spoonful of olive oil.
Avocado pulp and cucumber without the peel are cut into cubes, finely chopped eggs should be mixed with garlic passed through a press and salt. Mix all the ingredients, sprinkle the salad with lemon juice and season with olive oil. It is worth paying attention that all ingredients have a low GI.
The second salad recipe is more complicated. It will decorate any holiday table. And even the most avid gourmet will be amazed by the wonderful and unusual taste qualities.
The following ingredients are required:
- one avocado;
- bunch of green onions;
- three large tomatoes;
- bundle of arugula;
- salted salmon - 100 grams;
- several spoons of refined vegetable oil;
- a teaspoon of mustard;
- lemon juice.
Avocado flesh cut into cubes, salmon, finely chop the onion. Tomatoes must be removed. To do this, they are boiled, cruciform incisions are made from above and the skin is easily removed with a knife. Cut tomatoes into large cubes. Mix all chopped ingredients, add arugula. Season the salad with mustard and vegetable oil, sprinkle with lemon juice. You can put the finished dish on the leaves of lettuce.
It goes well with avocado, if you add it to topinambur salad for diabetics, which is prepared according to this recipe:
- finely chop the pulp of half an avocado and 100 grams of Jerusalem artichoke;
- add 100 grams of boiled chicken breast, cut into strips;
- dice one tomato and cucumber, finely chop green onions and garlic;
- Combine all the ingredients, sprinkle with lemon juice, salt and season with refined vegetable oil.
In the video in this article, a nutritionist will tell about the benefits of avocado.