Sugar 25 units is a hyperglycemic condition, which significantly impairs the patient's well-being, leads to a spectrum of negative symptoms. Against this background, the risk of developing acute complications increases, and coma may occur.
In the overwhelming majority of clinical pictures, the sugar content rises due to the consumption of harmful products (confectionery, alcohol, etc.), which contain fast carbohydrates, which are forbidden in a "sweet" disease.
The level of sugar in the blood is not a constant value, the concentration of glucose can increase not only against the background of diabetes, but also in healthy people. If in a healthy person, glucose normalizes itself within a short period of time, then the diabetic needs some effort.
Find out what blood sugar 25 means, what to do in this situation, and what the consequences may be? And also find out why sugar rises in healthy people and diabetics?
High blood sugar in a healthy person: causes and factors
As mentioned above, high sugar can be not only a diabetic, but also a healthy person who does not have problems with the pancreas.
If the blood test showed an increase in the glucose level in the human body, then there could be many reasons. The positive point is that the leveling of the original source leads to the normalization of sugar to the desired level.
Glucose is a variable value, so it may increase due to certain factors. For example, an increase is observed after a meal, when there is an active processing of food by the body.
What can lead to a jump in sugar in a healthy person? In people who do not suffer from diabetes, hyperglycemic condition may be caused by the following circumstances:
- Pancreatic pathologies of inflammatory and oncological nature.
- Strong stressful situation.
- Endocrine disorders.
- Inflammatory diseases - cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis.
- Hormonal disbalance.
- The development of diabetes of any type.
One study of biological fluid does not judge the development of diabetes. As a rule, several blood tests are performed on different days, and then the results are compared.
Additionally, the doctor recommends making a test with sugar load in order to find out the speed of glucose absorption in the body. May recommend a study on glycated hemoglobin to find out the glucose content over a period of 3 months.
Diagnostic measures are differentiated, since it is important not only to establish the presence of diabetes mellitus, but also to distinguish pathology from other diseases that can lead to an increase in sugar in the body.
Causes of hyperglycemic condition in diabetics
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is characterized by a violation of the digestibility of glucose at the cellular level, as a result of which its accumulation in the body is observed.
The most common is the first or second type of "sweet" disease. If at the first type of pathology, the patient is immediately recommended to administer insulin, then at type 2 of the disease, initially they are trying to cope with high sugar with the help of diet and sports.
However, even strict adherence to all recommendations of the doctor is not a guarantee that the sugar will steadily remain at the required level.
The following circumstances may lead to a significant increase in performance:
- Unbalanced diet (consumption of large amounts of fast carbohydrates, harmful foods).
- Skip the introduction of the hormone, skipping medication to reduce sugar.
- Strong stress, low physical activity, hormonal disorders.
- Viral, cold or other comorbidities.
- Diseases of the pancreas.
- The use of certain medications (diuretic drugs, hormonal pills).
- Violations of the liver.
If blood sugar stopped at 25 units and above, first of all it is required to find the reasons that led to the pathological failure, respectively, to throw all the forces to eliminate the original source.
For example, if a patient did not inject a short-acting hormone, or forgot to take a pill, this should be done as soon as possible.
With the second type of "sweet" disease it is strictly forbidden to break the diet, to refuse physical exertion. Since it is sport that helps to improve the digestibility of sugar at the cellular level.
The most common causes of sugar jumps - is the wrong diet, violation of the day, overeating.
Adjusting the menu will bring glycemia to normal numbers within 2-3 days.
Insulin Inefficiency: Causes
It was noted that the first type of diabetes mellitus requires the introduction of insulin, along with the fact that the second type of the disease is compensated by a specialized medical diet and exercise.
However, type 1 diabetics often ask the question, why does not insulin administration help reduce glucose levels? Doctors say that the ineffectiveness of insulin therapy is not uncommon, and the reasons for the lack of a therapeutic effect are huge.
When the blood sugar level is kept within 25 units, while insulin does not help, the reasons may be as follows:
- Invalid drug dosage.
- Invalid diet and injection.
- The drug ampoules are stored incorrectly.
- In one syringe mixing of various medicines is carried out.
- Violation of the technique of drug administration.
- Injections in places of consolidations.
- Rapid removal of the needle from the skin fold.
- Before the injection wipe the skin with alcohol.
Each patient who is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes should be familiar with the detailed rules for administering insulin. Usually the attending physician tells about all the nuances and subtleties.
For example, if the vials of insulin are not properly stored, the drug may not work or its effectiveness is reduced by 50%; when the needle is quickly withdrawn from the skin fold, some part of the drug may leak out, respectively, the effect of insulin will decrease.
If the injection site is the same, then with the passage of time in this area a seal is formed. When the needle enters this seal, the drug is absorbed more slowly.
When the cause of high glucose is the wrong dosage of the hormone, you should consult your doctor. Independently select the dose is strictly prohibited, as this will lead to the development of hyperglycemic state and even glycemic coma.
Thus, the blood sugar level in an insulin-dependent diabetic may not decrease if there is a disturbance in the conduct of insulin therapy.
Ketoacidosis in diabetic
Blood sugar levels above 25 units can lead to ketoacidosis. The fact is that the human body is trying to get energy for its functioning, however, it does not "see" glucose, as a result of which it receives an energy reserve by splitting fat deposits.
When the breakdown of fats occurs, ketone bodies, which are toxic substances for the body, are released, which, as a result, leads to intoxication.
Ketoacidosis is manifested by a whole spectrum of negative symptoms, which significantly impairs the patient's well-being.
The clinical picture of ketoacidosis:
- The patient feels unwell, complains of lethargy and apathy.
- Frequent and heavy urination.
- The specific smell from the mouth.
- Attacks of nausea and vomiting.
- Disruption of the digestive tract.
- Unreasonable nervousness and irritability.
- Sleep disturbance.
- Blood sugar levels are 20, 25, 30 or more units.
Against the background of diabetic ketoacidosis, the visual perception is disturbed, the patient poorly distinguishes objects, everything appears as in a fog. According to the results of laboratory tests of urine, ketone bodies are detected in the liquid.
It is impossible to ignore this state, since there is a high probability of the development of ancestors, then a coma occurs.
To cope with the problem on their own also fail. No home methods and recipes of traditional medicine will help to level negative symptoms, the picture will worsen exclusively.
The treatment is carried out in a hospital. First of all, the patient must enter the required dosage of insulin. After therapy is carried out, by means of which they restore the deficiency of fluid, potassium and other missing mineral components in the body.
An expert in the video in this article will tell you about the state of hyperglycemia in diabetic.