The glycemia rate in a completely healthy person varies in a small range from 3.3 to 5.5 units. In some situations, there may be a deviation from the norm in one direction or another, that is, sugar can decrease or increase.
If blood sugar is 6.0 units, a great number of reasons may contribute to this circumstance. Conditionally, they can be divided into physiological and pathological causes.
The level of sugar at around 6.0 units may be the norm, and may be a pathological condition, indicating that a person has a tendency to develop diabetes.
Therefore, you need to answer this question, sugar on an empty stomach is 6 units - is this normal, or not? What reasons can lead to this increase, and what could be the symptoms? And also find out what to do in this situation?
What indicators of sugar are considered normal?
When blood sugar is observed at around 6 units, this is normal, and the indicator is within acceptable limits of the norm. Along with this, the doctor may suspect pathology, since the concentration of glucose from 6 mmol / l indicates the development of a pre-diabetic state.
Based on medical sources, it can be said that variability from 3.3 to 5.5 units is considered to be normal indicators of glucose content. The permissible limit is the figure of 5.8 units.
As for small children, the generally accepted norm for them varies from 3.3 to 5.5 units, but it all depends on the age of the child:
- For an infant who is not yet one month old, the norm ranges from 2.8 to 4.4 units.
- Up to 15 years of age, a normal range is considered to vary from 3.3 to 5.6 units.
If sugar is recorded before the age of 60, it is a lot. But with age, the boundaries of normal indices are shifting upward. Therefore, after 60 years, it is considered acceptable figures from 5.1 to 6.0 mmol / l.
In pregnant women, the blood sugar level is “yours”. Due to the constantly increasing load on the body, hormonal changes and other physiological processes, it varies from 3.3 to 6.6 units.
It should be noted that blood sugar from a vein has slightly shifted rates, thus, it increases by 12% of generally accepted standards.
For example, during pregnancy, it is quite normal if the lower limit of sugar is 3.6 units, and the upper limit is 6.8 mmol / l.
Why sugar rises?
It is advisable to say that sugar can rise in the blood under the influence of certain physiological causes and circumstances. However, its increase in all cases, without exception, is short-lived, and soon it will normalize.
We can say that the following factors provoke a temporary increase in sugar: strenuous exercise or training, prolonged mental work, fright, stress, nervous overstrain.
As practice shows, the human body is the most complex mechanism in the world, and one violation can lead to a breakdown of completely different organs. Increased sugar provokes not only diabetes, but also other pathologies.
Diseases causing an increase in glucose:
- Brain stroke.
- Acute heart failure.
- Surgical intervention.
- Epileptic seizure.
- Pain shock.
- Severe liver disease.
- Traumatic brain injury.
However, the increase against the background of these diseases and situations are short-lived. And with the elimination of the original source, the blood sugar of the patient is normalized at an acceptable level, and no longer increases.
The increase in glucose can be associated not only with serious physical activity, when the muscle is loaded and require more energy, but also with food. With the excessive use of harmful foods, fatty foods and sweets, sugar may increase.
As a rule, over time after a meal, the concentration of glucose decreases and remains within normal limits.
Increased sugar and the first symptoms
Many patients are wondering if sugar is 6, will negative symptoms be observed, or will they not feel harmful changes in their body? In fact, the question is not straightforward, because the answer to it depends on many factors.
Some factors can influence the symptoms of high sugar: it is a person's sensitivity to such pathological changes in the body, "experience" of latent diabetes, age group and other aspects.
As practice shows, each has its own threshold of sensitivity. Some people may not notice that there has been an increase in sugar to 6 units, and this situation is observed in the vast majority of cases.
In another embodiment, if a man or a woman is susceptible to the slightest changes in his body, then a certain clinical picture may be observed:
- Constant feeling of thirst, which pursues both day and night.
- Abundant and frequent urination for 24 hours a day.
- Increased daily urine volume.
- Chronic fatigue, loss of performance.
- Drowsiness, fatigue, apathy, drowsiness.
- Increased appetite against the background of the constant desire to eat.
- Increase or decrease in body weight. And this circumstance is no reason.
- Visual impairment, recurrent headaches.
In a number of situations, there are other signs: dryness of the skin, itching and burning.
If there is such a picture, then you need to take preventive measures that will help prevent further increase in sugar.
Sugar Analysis: Highlights and Recommendations
Not always an increase in glucose concentration indicates the development of diabetes. In order to determine the causes of this condition as accurately as possible, to confirm or deny the presence of pathology, it is recommended to take a test with sugar load.
The sugar tolerance analysis allows you to explore the disorders that do not allow glucose to fully digest. And also to find out the answer to the question why this indicator is higher than the norm on an empty stomach.
Usually such a test is not recommended for all people. As a rule, it is prescribed to those patients who belong to the older age group (after 45 years), have extra pounds or obesity of any stage. That is, fall into the risk group.
In the above options, the test for sensitivity to glucose, acts as an obligatory medical manipulation. The essence of the analysis lies in such moments: blood is withdrawn from a finger or a vein on an empty stomach.
Then the patient is given a glucose solution to drink, and after 120 minutes blood is taken again, which in turn allows determining the glucose uptake rate.
To obtain extremely reliable information, it is recommended to listen to some tips:
- You can not eat before the analysis. The time of the last meal before going to a medical facility should be at least 8 hours.
- 24 hours before the analysis, it is necessary to eliminate heavy physical exertion, to refuse from physical work, etc.
- Before the analysis, no diet is necessary to observe, and there is also no need to switch to a healthy diet. The only thing you can advise to exclude fatty foods, as they may affect the final results.
- Try not to be nervous, avoiding stress and nervous tension. A few days before the test, and on the day of the analysis, the emotional state should be calm.
- It is necessary to hand over the analysis after 8-hour rest. If you go to the clinic immediately after the night shift, then you can not hope for the correct results.
What say the test results obtained in the laboratory? If on an empty stomach the glucose concentration is up to 7.0 units, and the tolerance test ranged from 7.8 to 11.1 mmol / l, then susceptibility disorders are not observed.
If, on an empty stomach, the level of sugar in the human body is up to 7.0 units, but after the sugar load it is less than 7.8 units, then we can speak of a violation of glucose tolerance.
When you find a violation, you do not need to panic right away. It is necessary to undergo additional examinations: ultrasound examination of the pancreas, blood test for enzymes.
If you change your diet in time, bring optimal exercise into your life, then all the negative signs will soon disappear.
How to reduce sugar?
In fact, a glucose indicator of 6 units is an acceptable rate. But even with such indicators, it is worth thinking about your health, since it is not excluded that sugar will increase with the previous lifestyle.
Even if the sugar has stabilized at around 6 units, you need to change your diet, and follow a certain diet. So that he does not grow, and then not transformed into a chronic disease, you need to eat properly and balanced.
Therefore, it is recommended to abandon alcoholic beverages, convenience foods, granulated sugar, various sweets, sweet fruits, concentrated juices, various sauces and ketchups, honey, jam, and a number of other food products.
Keeping sugar at a normal level will also help physical activity:
- Hiking (approximately 30 minutes per day).
- Morning work-out.
- Bicycle riding.
- Slow running.
- Fitness classes.
Optimal physical exertion improves metabolic processes in the human body, respectively, sugar will most likely be absorbed at the cellular level, as a result, it will be less in the blood.
You must carefully listen to your condition, and not always pronounced symptoms indicate an increase in sugar. Therefore, it is recommended to buy a blood glucose meter - a special device through which at home you can find out your results. You can still buy watches for diabetics. They look stylish, and you can carry them without any problems.
If proper nutrition and exercise do not help to keep glucose, its further growth is observed, it is recommended to consult a doctor and be examined. The form in this article will help determine what should be the rate of sugar in diabetes.