Cholesterol is an indispensable lipid, the presence of which is vital for any living organism. Cholesterol molecules are hydrophobic subunits of a polyhydric alcohol, most of which are synthesized endogenously in the body. Wrong lifestyle and daily consumption of cholesterol-rich foods contribute to increased endogenous lipid levels. With an imbalance of lipids in the blood, cardiological and vascular pathologies develop. In the early stages of the disease is latent. Subjective complaints appear only in marked stages.
The first symptoms of atherosclerosis appear only with obstruction of the vessel by more than 50%. Already at the slightest sign of a disease, it is necessary to consult a specialist. Not every patient knows which doctor treats cholesterol. This factor also contributes to a later request for medical care.
Indications for going to a doctor
Many different types of lipids circulate in the human body.
In a healthy body, normal lipid metabolism occurs, due to which the balance of various fatty substances is maintained.
When metabolic disorders develop a violation of the ratio of various fats, which provokes the development of atherosclerosis and other severe pathologies.
Normally, the following types of lipids circulate in the blood:
- total cholesterol molecules;
- various lipoprotein fractions;
An increased or decreased level of any of these factors indicates a possible pathological process.
The following lipoprotein fractions are distinguished:
- High and very high density lipoproteins with pronounced anti-atherosclerotic properties. Reduction of HDL / HDLF leads to the development of atherosclerosis or its aggravation.
- Low and very low density lipoproteins, which have the opposite effect on the above factors. An increase in the concentration of LDL / VLDL leads to the launch of the atherosclerotic mechanism and to the beginning of the formation of cholesterol plaques. Atherosclerotic plaque is a morphological element of atherosclerosis.
Changing these parameters is a good reason to go to a doctor.
In addition, treatment requires a condition that accompanies the presence of subjective symptoms, as well as violations of other metabolic parameters in the body.
Atherosclerosis risk groups
Atherosclerosis is a polyetiological disease and, to some extent, idiopathic.
This means that at the same time a lot of factors incline the patient to morbidity, and at the same time, none of the factors is 100% cause of atherosclerosis.
The following risk groups of patients are distinguished:
- persons who prefer a low-active lifestyle;
- persons whose diet is filled with simple carbohydrates and fats of animal origin;
- gender and sexual characteristics: men over 50;
- individuals with a genetic predisposition;
- patients suffering from cardiac pathology;
- diabetic patients;
- patient with rheumatic pathology.
Persons in any risk group need early primary prevention of atherosclerosis.
Primary prevention involves the use of nonspecific non-drug, as well as drug prevention before the onset of the clinical manifestations of the pathological process.
Primary prevention includes ways to modify lifestyle and diet, use of dietary supplements, as well as regular monitoring of blood tests.
By secondary prevention means a set of measures aimed at preventing the development of complications and progression of the disease.
This type of prophylaxis is appropriate for individuals with an established cause of cholesterol growth.
The first signs of atherosclerosis
Seek medical attention should be on the preclinical stage of the disease. The doctor can provide full medical care and promote complete recovery only in the erased and initial stages of the disease.
The peculiarity of the course of the disease is a long latent or subclinical period. At this stage, there is a tendency to lipid imbalance, but there are no complaints.
To treat this stage is most favorable in terms of projections. Early treatment can significantly increase the chances of complete recovery and, in general, improve the quality of life.
Symptoms appear with a more pronounced obliteration of the vessel, and depends directly on the location of the disease.
The following symptoms are characteristic of atherosclerosis:
- Weakness, fatigue, drowsiness.
- Disturbance of attention, memory, mental functions.
- Dizziness and fainting.
- Pain in the chest and limbs.
- Sensations of coldness, tingling in the distal parts of the extremities.
- In diabetic atherosclerosis of the lower extremities, intermittent claudication is observed.
- The patient, in some cases, may complain of high blood pressure. The increase in blood pressure numbers above 140 and 90 mm Hg. Art. requires hypotonic therapy.
Symptoms depend directly on the localization of the disease and the form of its course. However, it is never too late to treat atherosclerosis. Even with severe forms it is possible to help the patient live a life without pain and suffering.
In the later stages it is difficult to cure atherosclerosis, and the quality of treatment directly depends on the patient's adherence to treatment, the qualifications of the doctor and the material status of the patient.
The chance of survival may increase with surgery on the obtyurirovannoy part of the vessel.
To begin treatment, first of all, it is necessary to understand which doctor deals with cholesterol. Due to the fact that atherosclerosis is a disease of unknown etiology, doctors of different specializations may be engaged in treating the disease.
It is most advisable, in case of suspected atherosclerosis and high cholesterol, to contact your doctor-physician at the place of residence. The therapist is obliged to take blood on the lipid profile. This step is the first step in the diagnostic process.
Also, this pathology involved doctors related professions.
A further step in the diagnosis are clarifying methods of examination. As additional methods of examination, procedures of various degree of invasiveness can serve. Not all activities can be carried out on an outpatient level of care.
The following doctors can help patients with atherosclerosis:
- a family doctor may prescribe a patient a biochemical blood test that will accurately indicate the presence of a metabolic disorder;
- if a lipid metabolism disorder is confirmed, the family doctor sends the patient for a consultation with a cardiologist;
- a cardiologist prescribes optimal therapy;
- Consultation with a nutritionist will help the patient to normalize the nature of his diet to prevent the formation of cholesterol plaques;
- with the help of an endocrinologist, you can check the function of the pancreas, as well as other organs of internal secretion;
- Consultation with a gastroenterologist is necessary to rule out organic liver disease.
Knowing which physician should be treated with cholesterol hung, it is possible to avoid the progression of the disease and immediately begin therapy.
How to treat atherosclerosis will tell the expert in the video in this article.