People with diabetes need to adhere to a special diet. In particular, it is important if a person suffers from a second type of illness.
After all, if you regularly use diabetic dishes increases the susceptibility of cells to insulin. And with a mild form of the disease and careful adherence to all recommendations in some patients, cells eventually begin to independently convert sugar from blood to energy.
But for this you need to use special recipes for diabetes with photos, with low-calorie foods, sugar substitutes and a minimum amount of salt. It is important to consider the method of preparation, the glycemic index, calorie content and bread units not only products, but also ready-made dishes.
Product groups, their bread units and glycemic index
For patients with diabetes mellitus, by the amount of carbohydrates contained in them, all products are divided into 3 categories. The first group is food, which has practically no sugars in its composition (spinach, meat, cabbage, eggs, cucumbers, fish).
Low carbohydrate products belong to the second category. These include some fruits (apples), legumes, vegetables (carrots, beets) and dairy products. The third group is food, with a high content of carbohydrates (from 69%) - sugar, sweet fruits (grapes, dates, bananas) potatoes, pasta, cereals, white flour products.
In addition to the amount of carbohydrates, the recipe for diabetes mellitus implies using in the process of cooking with low GI and HE. But how to count these indicators and what are they?
GI is one of the characteristics of carbohydrates, reflecting their ability to raise the concentration of glucose in the blood. The greater the GI of the product, the sooner and higher the sugar content will become after it has been eaten. However, this indicator is influenced not only by the carbohydrate content of food, but also by the presence of other components in it and its quantity.
How to calculate the glycemic index of the product or dishes for diabetics with photos? To do this, use a special table, which shows the indicators of food with low, medium and high GI. And when calculating the GI of the finished dish with diabetes, it is important to consider the method and time of cooking.
And how to calculate the bread units in the preparation of dishes for all diabetics and what is this value? HE is an indicator used to evaluate the carbohydrate content of foods.
One XE is equivalent to 25 grams of bread or 12 grams of sugar, and in the USA, 1 XE corresponds to 15 grams of carbohydrates. Therefore, the table of these indicators may be different.
To calculate the number of XU, it is convenient to use the bread units calculator. It is especially important to calculate this indicator if you cook dishes for type 1 diabetics. So, the higher the CEP product, the greater the amount of insulin subsequently have to enter or take drugs that reduce blood sugar.
Nutrition rules, permitted and prohibited foods
A special menu for diabetics is developed by endocrinologists and nutritionists. Such a nutritional system for carbohydrate metabolism disorders will have to be adhered to throughout life, which will help control the course of the disease and prevent the occurrence of diabetic complications.
There are certain recommendations that must be followed daily in order to reduce the concentration of glucose in the blood. So, you need to eat in 3-4 hours, taking food in small quantities.
Dinner is better for 2 hours before bedtime. Breakfast can not be skipped to prevent drops in blood sugar levels.
Nutrition for diabetes should consist of:
- carbohydrates (up to 350 g per day);
- fat (up to 80 g), including vegetable;
- proteins of plant and animal origin (45 g each).
Diabetics are allowed to eat 12 grams of salt per day. Ideally, the patient will drink 1.5 liters of water per day.
What foods and dishes it is undesirable to include in the daily menu for diabetes. Such foods include fatty meat, fish, broths based on them, smoked meats, canned goods, sausages, sugar, sweets, and animal cooking oils.
Also, diabetic dishes should not contain salted and pickled vegetables, dough products (puff, butter), pasta, semolina and rice. Fatty, spicy, salty sauce, and cheeses, sweet drinks and fruits (dates, bananas, grapes, figs) are also prohibited.
And what can you eat with diabetes? Recipes for people with chronic glycemia are considered useful if they include:
- almost all vegetables (potatoes limited) and greens;
- cereals (oatmeal, wheat, barley, barley porridge, buckwheat);
- lean products of whole-grain, rye flour with bran;
- meat and offal (fillet of beef, rabbit, turkey, chicken, tongue, liver);
- dairy products (low-fat, unsalted cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream, yogurt, kefir);
- eggs (up to 1.5 pieces per day);
- lean fish (tuna, hake, perch);
- fresh berries and fruits, excluding the above bananas, dates, grapes;
- fats (vegetable oils, butter, melted);
- spices (cloves, marjoram, cinnamon, parsley).
How can you prepare meals for people suffering from chronic glycemia? Food is allowed to process in different ways - cook, bake, simmer in a double boiler, but do not fry.
When composing a daily menu for a diabetic, it is important to take into account that the caloric content of a meal does not exceed 2400 calories. An approximate diet for a person suffering from high blood sugar, looks like this. Immediately after waking up, you can eat low-fat cottage cheese, buckwheat, or use any lean recipes. Allowed to drink tea, coffee or milk.
At the second breakfast, popular recipes recommend a decoction of wheat bran, after eating which will reduce the level of sugar. For dinner, hot low-calorie dishes (buckwheat soup, vegetable borscht, low-fat broth with meatballs) are suitable. An alternative is meat, vegetable salads or casseroles.
At lunch time it is useful to eat fruits, for example, apples, plums or pears.
At dinner, you can cook fish for a couple, a salad of spinach and cabbage and drink weak tea, and before going to bed kefir or skimmed milk.
Diabetic recipes often include salads. This is a light and healthy food, practically free of carbohydrates.
To saturate the body with vitamins and microelements, you can prepare a salad of fresh vegetables, including such ingredients - lettuce, Brussels sprouts, spinach, carrots, beans, salt and sour cream (10-15% fat).
How to cook a dish? Vegetables are thoroughly washed, the top leaves are removed from the cabbage and finely chopped.
Beans cut into rings, and carrots are ground on a grater. A plate is lined with spinach leaves, where they spread the vegetables in a heap and sprinkle them with sour cream and sprinkle with greens.
Also, recipes for diabetes can complement unusual ingredients. One of these dishes is spring salad with garlic (3 cloves), dandelion (60 g), primula (40 g), one egg, olive oil (2 spoons), primrose (50 g).
Dandelion is soaked in salt water, crushed and mixed with chopped primrose, nettle, garlic. All seasoned with oil, salt and sprinkled with egg.
Recipes for diabetes can be not only useful, but tasty. One of these is the salad of shrimp and celery. Before making it, you need to stock up on the following ingredients:
- seafood (150 g);
- celery (150 g);
- fresh peas (4 spoons);
- one cucumber;
- potatoes (150 g);
- some dill and salt;
- low-fat mayonnaise (2 spoons).
Shrimp, potatoes and celery must be boiled beforehand. They are crushed and mixed with chopped cucumber, green peas. Then they fill with mayonnaise, salt and sprinkle with chopped dill.
Diabetic dishes are not only low-calorie and healthy, but also varied. Thus, the daily menu can diversify eggplant snack with walnuts and pomegranates.
Eggplants (1 kg) are washed, their tails are cut off and baked in the oven. When they are sintered and slightly cool, they are peeled and mashed.
Chopped nuts (200 g) and grains of one large pomegranate are mixed with eggplants, two chopped garlic cloves. Caviar is seasoned with butter (preferably olive) and salted.
Similar meals can be eaten for lunch and breakfast.
Main and first courses
If you properly cook well-known dishes that are considered junk food, you can even get rid of high blood sugar. So, hearty recipes for diabetics with photos can also be useful. Such foods include burgers.
For their preparation, you will need chicken or turkey fillet (500 g) and one chicken egg. The meat is crushed, mixed with egg, pepper and salt.
The stuffing is stirred, form small balls of it, spread them on a baking sheet, which is put in the oven, heated to 200 degrees. Cutlets are ready, if easily punctured.
With diabetes, even with insulin-dependent diabetes, recipes can also be exquisite. These dishes include flood tongue. For its preparation you will need gelatin cucumber, tongue (300 g), chicken egg, lemon and parsley.
The tongue is cooked until it becomes soft. The hot product is immersed in cooled water and skin is removed from it. After it is boiled for 20 minutes, jelly is made from the resulting broth.
To do this, gelatin is poured into a container with broth, all is filtered and cooled. From above spread the cut tongue, which is decorated with cucumber, lemon, greens, egg, and then poured over with broth with gelatin.
Lenten dishes are very useful for diabetes, while they can be not only light, but also nourishing. With chronic glycemia, it is not necessary to abandon the usual food, for example, stuffed pepper.
The recipe for diabetics of this dish is very simple. For this you will need:
- tomato juice;
- Bulgarian pepper;
- vegetable oil;
- spices, salt and greens.
The rice is welded a little. Pepper is washed, cut off the top and cleaned from the seeds. Carrots and onions are crushed, stewed in a frying pan with a small amount of butter and mixed with salted rice with spices.
Peppers begin rice-vegetable mixture and placed in a pan filled with tomato juice and water. Peppers stew in a gravy over low heat for about 40-50 minutes.
Meat broth with spinach and eggs is the first dish that can be fed to patients with any type of diabetes, regardless of its severity. To make it you need eggs (4 pieces), broth from lean meat (half a liter), parsley root, butter (50 g), onions (one head), spinach (80 g), carrots (1 piece), pepper and salt .
In the broth add parsley, one carrot and onion. Spinach stew with oil and water, and then fray, using a sieve.
Yolks, spices, salt and butter are triturated with spinach and boiled in a water bath for 15 minutes. Then the mixture is added to the meat fat, which also put, cooked earlier, mashed carrots.
Standard recipes for diabetes can also be interpreted. Therefore, with this disease it is allowed to eat such hot dishes as diet soup. For its preparation it is necessary to prepare the following products:
- beans (1 cup);
- chicken fillet (2 breasts);
- beets, carrots, lemon, onions (1 piece each);
- tomato paste (3 spoons);
- cabbage (200 g);
- garlic, bay leaf, pepper, salt, dill.
Beans are soaked for 8 hours. Then they are boiled together with fillet, cut into slices until half cooked.
Grated beets are added to boiling broth, after the second boil, half of the lemon is squeezed into it. When the beets become transparent, add chopped carrots and sliced cabbage to the borsch.
Next, put a whole onion, 2 cloves of garlic and tomato paste in the pan. At the end of cooking, spices and salt are added to borscht.
To diabetic dishes had a richer taste, they can be seasoned with various sauces. The permitted recipes for diabetics are creamy sauce with horseradish (sour cream, mustard, green onions, salt, horseradish root), mustard with boiled yolk, tomato with spices and chopped greens.
Many diabetics can not completely give up sweets. Therefore, they are interested in the question of what is possible from desserts.
Those who have diabetes mellitus recipes of dishes in which there is sugar, can not be used. But there are certain types of sugar-free sweets that are available even with this condition. For example, coffee ice cream with avocado, orange and honey.
The upper part of the citrus is grated, and the juice is squeezed out of the pulp. Blender mix cocoa powder, honey, avocado and juice.
A lot of spread in a bowl, which add orange zest and pieces of cocoa beans. Then put the dishes with dessert in the freezer for 30 minutes.
The most unusual recipes for diabetics are provided in the video in this article.