The diabetic diet of the first and second types should be diverse and include vegetables, fruits and animal products - eggs, meat, fish, dairy and dairy products. All this guarantees the full supply of important vitamins and trace elements to the patient, which guarantees the normal operation of all body functions.
The choice of food should occur according to the glycemic index (GI), which shows the effect of a particular product on blood sugar levels. There are restrictions both in fruits and vegetables, and in animal products.
The value of apples in diabetes is impossible to estimate. They are rich in many vitamins and microelements, which contribute to the strengthening of immunity and beneficial effects on the body as a whole.
The concept of GI will be discussed below, apple values are indicated, recipes for apple jam, confiture and other dishes are given, without using sugar.
Glycemic Index of an Apple
GI shows the effect of the product on blood sugar levels after it is consumed, the lower it is, the safer the food. The increase in this indicator can affect both the consistency of the dish and its heat treatment.
A fresh apple GI is equal to 30 IU, therefore it is allowed to include it in the daily diet of a diabetic. But applesauce without sugar can reach 65 IU, which can affect the increase in blood glucose.
All this is due to the fact that with such a consistency, the fruit loses fiber, which is responsible for the uniform flow of glucose into the blood. Therefore, if it is decided to eat applesauce without sugar, its daily rate should not exceed 100 grams. Eating is best done in the morning, when a person’s physical activity is at its peak, which will facilitate the absorption of sugar in the blood.
GI indicator is divided into the following categories:
- Up to 50 U - products do not threaten normal blood sugar levels.
- Up to 70 U - food can be included in the diet only occasionally and in small portions.
- From 70 IU and above - such food provokes hyperglycemia, if not to make an injection with ultrashort insulin.
Based on these indicators you need to pick up food diabetic.
From apples you can cook a variety of dishes - jams, jellies, marmalade and bake them in the oven or multi-cooker. The latter method is most preferable in case of diabetes mellitus and retains many vitamins and microelements in the fruit.
Baked apples can be cooked with honey. Diabetics recommended chestnut, acacia and linden honey. In such varieties, the minimum glucose content, their GI does not exceed 65 U. But candied bee products are banned.
If confiture is being prepared, then an ingredient such as sugar is replaced by honey or a sweetener, such as stevia. The daily rate of the dish should not be more than 100 grams.
The following are recipes from apples:
- Mashed potatoes.
The simplest recipe is an apple puree without sugar, you can sweeten it with a sugar substitute if you choose an acidic fruit variety. Apples are peeled from the core and peel, cut into four parts.
Place the apples in a saucepan and add water to cover the fruit lightly. Simmer under cover for 30-35 minutes. After adding the sweetener or one teaspoon of honey, beat the apples in a blender or rub through a sieve.
Apple sugar-free jam can be rolled up in sterilized jars and stored in a dark, cool place for a year. For cooking you will need:
- Apples - 2 kg;
- Purified water - 400 ml.
Remove the cores from the apples and cut them into cubes, pour water into the saucepan and add the apples. Boil after boiling for twenty minutes. It is necessary to stir the fruit continuously so that they do not burn to the bottom of the pan. After allowing them to cool and pass through a sieve or whisk in a blender.
Apple mass again put on a slow fire and cook until thick. Jam spread on banks, pre-sterilized and roll covers. Turn over the jars and cover with a blanket. After a day, transfer them to a dark and cool place.
Sugar free apple jam is made using the same technology as jam. You can enrich the apple flavor using citrus fruits. They are permitted in diabetes and all have GI up to 50 U. The following ingredients are required for the jam:
- Apples - 3 kg;
- Orange - 3 pieces;
- Purified water - 600 ml.
Peel apples, oranges, seeds and cores, grind in a blender. Pour water into a saucepan and add fruit puree. Boil, stirring continuously for five minutes.
Roll up apple-orange jam in sterilized jars. The maximum shelf life is 12 months.
It is a mistake to suppose that the menu with high sugar excludes desserts from the daily ration. This does not mean that you can eat sweets and cakes. The patient can easily prepare sweet food without sugar at home, reducing the carbohydrate content to an acceptable figure.
A delicious sweet breakfast can serve as a cottage cheese souffle, which is cooked for 10 minutes in the microwave. Fruits that are listed in the recipe are allowed to change according to personal taste preferences, but do not forget about the indicator GI.
From fruits for souffles, a diabetic can choose - apples, pears, raspberries, blueberries, strawberries, strawberries, peaches or apricots. They can also be combined.
The following ingredients are necessary for cottage cheese soufflé:
- Low-fat cottage cheese - 300 grams;
- One egg and one protein;
- Apple - 1 piece;
- Pear - 1 piece;
- Vanillin - on the tip of a knife;
- Sweetener - to taste, but you can do without it, if the fruit is sweet.
To begin with, egg, protein, vanilla and cottage cheese are whipped with a blender or mixer until smooth, a sugar substitute, for example, stevia, is added if desired. Fruits are peeled and coreed, cut into cubes of three centimeters. All ingredients combine and mix. Transfer to a container and put in the microwave for 5-7 minutes. Cottage cheese souffle is considered ready when the mass has risen significantly and become solid.
In addition, desserts without sugar can be such - baking, pancakes, cupcakes, jelly, marmalade and pastries, for example, potatoes. At the same time, flour products are prepared only from rye or oatmeal.
The video in this article talks about the benefits of apples for the human body.