Diabetes mellitus is a disease that not only reduces a person’s quality of life, but also spoils the beauty of his body.
Pathological endocrine imbalance leads to deterioration of blood circulation and destruction of nerve endings.
This, in turn, prevents the normal nutrition of the epidermis, which is why the skin becomes less sensitive and protected from aggressive environmental factors.
Many organs and tissues suffer from diabetes, and one of the strongest blows on the legs is the feet. In order to at least somehow correct this deficiency, people who care about the aesthetics of their own body, tend to do a pedicure.
But even here they await trouble - such procedures can lead to complications. However, if you follow certain rules, it is still possible to bring a diabetic foot in order.
Types of diabetic foot
There are three types of foot abnormalities in diabetes:
The first type is characterized by neural disorders. Epidermal tissues of the neuropathic foot have weak sensitivity due to the presence of an insufficient number of living nerve endings.
Along with a reduced sensory perception of temperature and pain in the corresponding parts of the body, tingling and burning still occur. Ischemic foot arises as a result of microvascular damage. This leads to swelling and pallor of the skin of the legs, as well as cramps of the calf muscles.
Neurochemical foot is characterized by the presence of a large number of corns and cracks. As the pathology develops on the epidermis, ulcers form, and the lesions spread to the muscles and bones. In the absence of maintenance therapy, gangrene occurs.
Danger of infection
Cracks, corns and other injuries are characteristic of all types of diabetic foot. They, in turn, provoke or increase the risk of infection.
At the same time, the patient may not even notice the problem, since the conductivity of the nerve endings of the extremities is significantly reduced.
The problem is aggravated by the fact that the feet are a part of the body that sweats heavily. In diabetics, in turn, along with then a large amount of glucose is released, and it is the best nutrient medium for microorganisms. As a result, the pathology develops more rapidly, and its treatment is very difficult.
A patient who has decided to tidy up the toenails with diabetes mellitus diagnosed in him, and the master who does this, should be extremely careful. Before the procedure, you must comply with all requirements of hygiene and carry out very thorough sanitary treatment.
Features of a pedicure for diabetic foot
Before you go to the question: how to make beautiful toenails, you need to more or less consider in detail the features of the pathology itself.
Diabetes is a disease characterized by the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, a hormone that controls the level of sugar in the body.
As a result, multiple metabolic disorders develop. A diabetic foot does not appear immediately after a person has been diagnosed. Most often this happens only after 15-20 years.
Despite the fact that special preparations are injected into the body of a sick person, violations still occur in the body. One of these is skin damage. This is due to the fact that she is under stress due to sharp jumps in glucose levels (moderate after insulin intake and increased before).
The reason why the feet suffer from this is that they are under the strongest load (when walking, running, etc.).
With the passage of time, the skin initially becomes more and more dry, loses sensitivity, a lot of corns and other defects form on it. And due to the fact that the power of the epidermis is broken, the wounds do not heal for a very long time.
There are not very many rules for performing a classic pedicure on a diabetic foot, but all of them must be observed very responsibly. Customers need to prepare a foot bath with a water temperature of 36 degrees (no more and no less).
It is necessary to determine not the "eye", namely to use a thermometer. Such conditions are necessary because of the low sensitivity of the skin of diabetics. Also be sure to take care that the water was clean.
The duration of bathing the legs is required to be from 3 to 5 minutes. Means for this, too, must be used appropriate - it is necessary that on their packaging was a special mark: "allowed for diabetics" (or something like that).
Such drugs include extracts of herbs that gently soften the skin and relieve inflammation.Coarse pumice stone must not be used for treating diabetic foot.. It requires the most soft, so as not to damage the already problematic epidermis.
When processing it is necessary to observe the maximum attentiveness and care not to accidentally remove a layer of healthy skin. If this happens, it will be necessary to apply an antiseptic, as it is very easy to infect a diabetic.It is also necessary to work with nails extremely carefully, so as not to damage the skin.
It is best to cut them in a straight line, and remove the remains with a nail file.
If a healthy person's cuticles are removed with a trimmer or special scissors, then the diabetic cannot do this. They just need to push him.
When the treatment is finished, the client's feet will need to be wetted with a soft towel, and between the fingers it should be wiped very carefully with napkins. They must be clean. Diabetic's feet should not be rubbed so as not to damage his skin.
And the final stage: the application of a special nutritional lotion. He will disinfect, relieve irritation, soften skin and saturate it with useful substances.
For pediatric diabetics with damaged feet, a hardware pedicure is more recommended. Appropriate technologies can effectively get rid of corns and cope with thickened nail plates with minimal risk to the epidermis.
The safety of the procedure is ensured by the fact that the tool nozzles are very easy to sterilize. Because of this, even if the skin is damaged in the process, no infection will occur.
This technology does not involve soaking the feet. Apparatus pedicure is performed using special tools with nozzles, which are coated with diamond plating. Other types are also used, such as ceramic or abrasive.
The main task of the master performing the procedure of hardware pedicure on a diabetic foot is to closely monitor the process and control it with your hand so as not to harm the epidermis (not to remove the extra layer of skin).
Before you clean the foot from corns, you need to treat it with a special tool - softener.
This will not remove the layer of the epidermis, which consists of living cells.
Also, as with the classic pedicure, when performing hardware do not cut off the cuticle.
They are simply pushed aside - they dry up after a while and fall away. At the last stage, a nourishing lotion approved for use by diabetics is applied to the treated foot.
About pedicure, depilation, massage and other cosmetic procedures for diabetes in the video:
As you can see, the rules for performing pedicure on the feet of people suffering from this disease are slightly different from those that apply to people who do not have such a problem. But they are still not very difficult to learn and use, the only significant difficulty for the master: compliance with utmost care and accuracy.