The diet of a healthy person should include about 50% of carbohydrates. But patients with a diagnosis of diabetes should be careful: they need to control the concentration of sugar in blood serum. Because of this, the products they have to pick carefully. Is it possible to eat rice with diabetes? Previously, this product included in the diet of all people who dieted for medical reasons, but since 2012 the situation has changed.
In many countries, rice is the basis of the diet. This is a fairly common and easily digestible food for healthy people. But diabetics should know how much sugar is in rice: the glycemic index of this product is 70. There is almost no fiber in the composition of the cleaned polished variety:
- carbohydrate content - 77.3 g;
- the amount of fat - 0.6 g;
- amount of proteins - 7 g.
340 kcal per 100 g of rice. Depending on the chosen method of preparation, the number of bread units is 1-2. diabetics should remember that there should be no more than 6-7 bread units per meal.
In addition, rice contains a fairly large number of B vitamins: niacin (PP), riboflavin (B2), thiamine (B1), pyridoxine (B6). Due to their presence, the normal functioning of the nervous system is ensured, the process of energy production is normalized. The composition of rice includes various amino acids: they contribute to the formation of new cells.
The rice groats contain the following elements: phosphorus, iron, iodine, calcium, zinc, potassium. The last of them is able to partially neutralize the negative effects of salt on the body. Grains are able to remove accumulated toxins from the body.
Rice is recommended for people with fluid retention. Many people opt for rice due to the fact that it contains no gluten. This is a protein on which some have allergic reactions.
Diabetic use of rice
Despite the content of complex carbohydrates in rice, in 2012, Harvard scientists found that when it is consumed, the concentration of glucose in the blood increases significantly. Therefore, plain ground rice for type 2 diabetics is undesirable. With the enthusiasm for this product diabetics may develop complications.
But we are talking only about white rice. If desired, patients can safely replace it with unpolished, brown, black, red or steamed rice. Patients can consult an endocrinologist to select the most appropriate option or alternate the use of these types.
Do these varieties increase blood sugar? White polished rice acts worst on the body. Other types are safe, so diabetics can safely use them.
Choosing which rice is best to choose, the following information will be useful to patients.
Regular white rice is processed several times. From it they clean off the shell: thanks to this, the grains become white and smooth. In the process of grinding rice, it loses many useful properties. On sale you can find round grain, long and medium in size grain. Many cook rice porridge most often from such rice.
Nutritionists often choose brown rice. These are unpolished, unrefined grains: they do not remove husks from them. Brown color is obtained due to the presence of bran shell. The structure includes:
- polyunsaturated fatty acids;
- water soluble fiber;
- complex carbohydrates;
- various vitamins and elements;
Most of the nutrients contained in the bran shell. When processing the grains, only the first layer of husk is removed. This rice and diabetes fit best.
Black rice (wild), some called the forbidden. This is one of the rarest species: he used to be only at the tables of the emperors. Collect it manually: this causes its considerable cost and low prevalence. The content of nutrients in it is optimal, and in taste characteristics it resembles a nut. The composition of the black type includes about 70% carbohydrates, 12% protein and 0.8% fat.
Choosing which rice you can eat with type 2 diabetes should pay attention to it. Black rice has strong anticarcinogenic and antioxidant properties. It is a decongestant, they also say that with its regular use, visual acuity increases.
Also, diabetics should be aware of the brown form. So called rice groats, which are not peeled until the end. Even after processing in this form partially husks and bran are preserved. In studies, it was found that it contains a large amount of vitamin B1, other vitamins, folic acid, beneficial elements, amino acids, fiber. Moreover, dietary fiber helps to reduce the concentration of sugar.
Also diabetics can eat steamed rice. It is treated in a special way: about 80% of the nutrients of the shell goes into the grain. The composition of this type of grain includes starch: it contributes to the fact that sugar enters the blood gradually.
Red rice is also recommended for diabetics. It contributes to the normalization of glucose in the serum and removes toxins from the body, harmful substances. The amount of dietary fiber in the specified grade is increased. In China, in antiquity, it was given to the best warriors after victory, because when it was used, forces were quickly restored. This rice tastes like rye bread.
Knowing the benefits of unpolished, brown, black varieties, many still do not risk buying them. They justify this by not knowing how to cook them. Also, some believe that eating brown rice will not be very pleasant due to the presence of the shell. If you do not like this variety, you can try red, black or steamed rice.
You can make vegetable soup from unpolished grains: it is ideal for diabetics. Pre-croup should be fried in a pan with onions. Next, the soup is prepared in the usual way. True, the vegetables should be laid in it after the cereal.
But the most useful is the use of rice, which has not passed the heat treatment. In this case, it retains all the beneficial substances. Prepare it is not difficult: 1 tbsp. the selected type of rice should be soaked overnight with water. In the morning it must be eaten. So rice cleaning is carried out. Healthy people can do it, slags and salts are removed in the process.
Diabetics can cook pilaf for themselves. When cooking it, you should use not pork, but chicken fillet. In the process of cooking, you can add a large number of vegetables.
You can diversify your diet with rice-fish meatballs. For these purposes, mix fillets of low-fat fish, onions, eggs, dried bread. Rice must first be boiled until half cooked.
Note, diabetics should completely abandon the use of ground white rice. It should be replaced by other types. They contribute to the normalization of sugar levels, their use is not observed surges of glucose. Moreover, they are more useful for the intestines, they contain much more vitamins, micro and macro elements, amino acids and other beneficial substances.