How to find out if my sugar is normal or is it diabetes?

My fasting sugar is 5.8, and 6 hours after eating 6.8. Is it normal sugar or already diabetes?

Leila, 23

Hello Leila!

Normal sugars: fasting 3.3–5.5 mmol / l, after eating 3.3–7.8 mmol / l.

According to your sugars you have prediabetes - a violation of fasting glucose (NTNT).

Elevated fasting sugars often indicate insulin resistance - an increased level of insulin - you need to pass insulin on an empty stomach and stimulated.

Criteria NGNT - violations of glucose on an empty stomach (prediabetes) - fasting sugar increased from 5.6 to 6.1 (above 6.1 diabetes mellitus), with normal sugar after a meal - to 7.8 mmol / l.

In your situation, you should start to follow a diet - we exclude fast carbohydrates, eat slow carbohydrates in small portions, eat a sufficient amount of low-fat protein, gradually eat fruits in the first half of the day and actively lean on low-carb vegetables.

It is also necessary to increase physical activity. In addition to diet and exercise, it is necessary to control body weight and in no case prevent the collection of excess fatty tissue.

In addition, you need to control blood sugar (before and 2 hours after a meal). It is necessary to control sugars once a day at different times + once a week - the glycemic profile. In addition to the control of sugars, 1 time in 3 months should be taken glycated hemoglobin (an indicator of average blood sugars for 3 months).

Doctor endocrinologist Olga Pavlova

Watch the video: Checking Your Blood Glucose. Diabetes Discharge. Nucleus Health (September 2019).