Peas in Russia have always been a favorite product. They made noodles and soup, porridge and stuffing for pies.
And today this plant is very loved by cooks all over the world. It is known that proper nutrition is the most important requirement in the treatment of sugar disease.
With diabetes, pea meets this condition and is just such a nutritious and tasty legume.
Useful properties for diabetics
Peas are often included in the therapeutic diet, because they meet the main requirement - to prevent hyperglycemia due to the ability to slowly break down carbohydrates.
The plant has a small caloric content, which is 80 Kcal per 100 g (for fresh product). Such peas GI only 30.
But in the dried form of the glycemic index of the plant is increased to 35 units. At the same time, the calorie content of the product increases - 300 Kcal. Therefore, the diabetic diet rarely includes dried peas. The same applies to the canned product. Due to the high caloric content of its use should be limited.
Of course, only fresh peas are useful. The low GI value makes this plant a must for inclusion in a therapeutic diet. Peas, containing fiber and polysaccharides, helps the intestine slowly absorb monosaccharides from split carbohydrates, and this is very important in diabetes.
Such a representative of legumes, like peas, has a diverse vitamin and mineral composition, including:
- vitamins B, A and E;
- iron and aluminum, titanium;
- starch and fatty acids;
- sulfur, molybdenum and nickel, other useful elements.
The unique chemical composition allows peas:
- lower cholesterol;
- normalize fat metabolism;
- improve intestinal flora;
- prevent avitaminosis;
- prevent blood glucose;
- reduce the risk of various oncologies;
- Arginine in the composition of the plant is identical to the action of insulin.
Therefore, it is very helpful for diabetics to eat peas. This product is very satisfying. And the presence of magnesium and vitamin B in it calms the nervous system. Their deficiency in the body causes weakness and poor sleep.
Peas have a sweetish taste that will improve the mood of the patient.
What types of peas are used
Peas - this is the most common type of legumes. It is necessary to distinguish such types of peas as:
- sugar. Can be eaten at an early stage of ripeness. Sash also edible;
- shelling. This type of pods is inedible because of its rigidity.
Young unripe peas are called "peas". It is eaten fresh (preferably) or in the form of canned food. The most delicious peas are collected on the 10th (after flowering) day.
The pods of the plant are juicy and green, very tender. Inside - not yet ripe little peas. Diabetes is the best option. Eat whole peas with a pod. Next, the collection of plants produced on the 15th day. During this period, the maximum sugar content in peas. The longer the plant matures, the more starch is accumulated in it.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the brain variety. This name was obtained from peas due to the wrinkling of the grains during drying or at the end of ripening. In this variety of starch is very small, and the taste is the best - sweet. Canned cereal varieties of peas - the best, they are used for salads or as a side dish. You can add them to the soup, but do not cook.
Buying a canned product, carefully study its composition. Choose one where there is an inscription: "from brain grades".
Shelling pea in diabetes is less useful. It is highly starchy and high in calories.
A legume is harvested when the grains reach the desired, rather large size. Flour and grits are made from such peas, it is injected or sold whole. Often used for canning.
An excellent nutritional supplement is sprouted peas. It is a grain from which a green sprout has grown. It has a lot of protein and fiber, the mass of trace elements. Such sprouts are better absorbed.
In diabetes, germinated peas will strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of atherosclerosis. Eat sprouts should only be raw. You can add them to the salads allowed by the diet. The use of this product in case of sugar disease must be agreed with the doctor.
By biological value, it exceeds the usual white flour more than 2 times. Pea flour reduces GI products with which it is prepared, and therefore, fights against obesity. It is indicated for diabetes as an anti-sclerotic agent, and can compete with meat in the amount of protein.
Pea flour is a dietary product because:
- boosts immunity;
- fights obesity;
- prevents hypertension;
- acts well on the heart muscle;
- reduces cholesterol;
- contains beneficial substances for the body: threonine and lysine;
- Vitamin B6 in the form of pyridoxine helps break down amino acids;
- selenium in the composition of the product has antioxidant properties, and protein is well absorbed;
- serves as prevention of endocrine pathologies in the composition of the diet;
- Fiber normalizes bowel function.
Any diabetic dish must meet the main condition - to be low glycemic. Pea soup in this case fits perfectly.
In order for pea soup to become useful in diabetes, it is important to adhere to the following algorithm for its preparation:
- Fresh peas - the best option. A dry product is also allowed when cooking, but it has less benefit;
- broth preferably beef. It is important to drain the first water from the meat, and to cook soup on the secondary water;
- add onion, garlic and carrot to the broth. It is better not to fry vegetables, but to replace potatoes with broccoli;
- for the meat variant is suitable chicken or turkey. Prepare the dish also in the secondary broth;
- if the soup is vegetable (vegetarian) for the base, it is good to use leeks and cabbage.
Peas (fresh) is taken from the calculation of 1 cup per liter of water. The dry product is soaked for 1-2 hours, and then boiled with meat (about 1 hour). The best consistency of soup - in the form of mashed potatoes. The salt in the broth should be the minimum amount. Adding fresh or dried herbs will give the dish a flavor and retain its benefits.
This is a very nutritious dish. It is simple enough to prepare and has a low GI (if the peas are fresh), therefore it is recommended for diabetic nutrition.
If the beans are dried - they are soaked for 10 hours. Then the water is drained.It has a lot of dust and harmful substances. Washed peas become clean and soft.
Pea porridge in a pot
The process of cooking porridge is very simple. The beans are boiled in water until ready. The dish can be flavored with a small amount of olive oil. Pea porridge is not recommended to eat with meat products.
This combination is too "hard" for diabetics and leads to indigestion. Salt is a good substitute for garlic or spicy herbs. In diabetes, it is better to eat porridge 1-2 times a week. This will reduce the patient's need for insulin.
Green peas are best eaten fresh. When milky ripeness, pods are also used. This legume is rich in protein, making it an alternative to meat.
In diabetes, pea flour is also beneficial. Take it to 1/2 tsp. before each meal. Peas are good for freezing, therefore, in order to be pampered in winter with fresh produce, you should prepare it for future use.
Dry peas are suitable for soups and porridges. From it will turn out delicious:
- jelly and sausages;
- pancakes and cutlets.
Diabetics are often interested in the question: is it possible to eat beans every day? An unequivocal answer does not exist, since sugar disease is often associated with comorbidities, which can cause the restriction or even complete elimination of peas from the diabetic diet. Here the consultation of the endocrinologist is important.
Often, green peas cause bloating. Therefore, diabetics with gastrointestinal problems should eat it less often.The pea has contraindications:
- kidney problems;
- predisposition to the formation of blood clots;
When sugar disease is important to monitor the rate of consumption of peas per day and not to exceed it.
Overeating causes gout and joint pain due to the accumulation of uric acid in them.
The benefits of pea and pea porridge for diabetics in the video:
In diabetes, pea has undeniable advantages - it protects blood vessels from cholesterol and significantly lowers sugar levels. It improves the metabolic processes in the body weakened by the disease and has a positive effect on its work as a whole. But at the same time peas can not replace drug therapy. He is just a great addition to the main treatment.