As you know, diabetes mellitus is accompanied by various complications, including high blood pressure, disruption of the cardiovascular system, atherosclerosis and other pathologies. Especially dangerous for a diabetic is the formation of cholesterol plaques in blood vessels.
The reason for this is a sharp increase in the level of cholesterol in the blood due to improper diet, maintaining an unhealthy lifestyle, or the presence of various diseases. Lack of proper treatment can lead to the development of incurable diseases, heart attack, stroke and even death.
Many patients wonder if cholesterol 11 is what to do and how dangerous is it? To avoid serious consequences, when identifying these indicators, it is important to immediately seek medical help and start taking medication.
Danger of high cholesterol
Cholesterol is a lipid, or, in simple words, fat. This organic steroid is vital for any living organism, as it takes part in the digestive, hematopoietic, respiratory system.
Much of the cholesterol is produced in the liver, and only 20 percent of lipids enter the body through food. Lipoproteins transport cholesterol into the blood plasma, from where the substance is distributed throughout the body.
If an increased amount of cholesterol gets into the blood and its indicators exceed 11.5 mmol / l, the body can not cope with the production of solid lipoproteins. As a result of the accumulation of harmful elements, atherosclerotic plaques form in the blood vessels, such a condition is very dangerous for a diabetic.
To prevent this, it is necessary to eat well and regularly take blood tests.
There is an average total cholesterol rate for any age and gender, which is 5 mmol / liter. Meanwhile, the indicators may depend on various factors to which the doctor necessarily pays attention.
According to statistics, in old age, the level of bad lipids may increase, and good - decrease.
Upon reaching the age of 50-60 years, men sometimes experience a decrease in cholesterol concentration.
In women, the indicator is slightly higher than the average figures, but female sex hormones have an enhanced protective effect, which prevents the sedimentation of harmful substances on the walls of blood vessels.
Including women, the normal rate increases during pregnancy. This is due to hormonal changes, while cholesterol is an important component for the formation and development of the fetus.
To provoke a sharp increase in the level of existing diseases may. In particular, hypothyroidism is associated with hypercholesterolemia due to a lack of thyroid hormones.
With the onset of the cold season, many people experience fluctuations in rates of 2–4 percent, which is important to consider.
In different phases of the menstrual cycle in women, cholesterol levels change.
You should also not forget about the ethnic characteristics of the organism. So, among Asians, the concentration of lipids is much higher than that of Europeans.
Cholesterol rises if the patient has bile stasis, kidney and liver disease, chronic pancreatitis, Girke disease, obesity, diabetes, gout. The condition may worsen with alcohol abuse and hereditary predisposition.
During the blood test, the doctor additionally checks the triglyceride levels. In a healthy person, this level is 2 mmol / liter. Increasing the concentration may mean that treatment is required.
Hypercholesterolemia in diabetics
If according to the results of the analysis, the data of bad cholesterol is 11.6-11.7 mmol / liter, what does this mean? First of all, you need to make sure that the results are reliable, especially if such figures are found in young people.
To make measurements accurate, blood tests are performed on an empty stomach. Refuse to eat should be 12 hours before visiting the clinic. To improve the situation, you need to revise your diet and begin to follow a therapeutic diet with the advice of a doctor.
After six months, a blood test is repeated, if the indicators are still too high, medication is prescribed. After six months, you need to do a control study of cholesterol levels.
It is important to understand that such a high concentration of harmful lipids in the blood can be fatal. It is therefore necessary to seek medical attention as soon as the first suspicious symptoms appear.
- Due to the narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart, the patient has angina.
- Arterial pressure decreases in the vessels of the lower extremities, so a person often feels pain in the legs.
- On the skin in the eye can find a lot of yellowish spots.
The main cause of metabolic disorders is malnutrition, as harmful cholesterol often enters the body through junk food. Pathology also develops in obesity, sedentary and sedentary lifestyles. In people who smoke and abuse alcohol, cholesterol values are most often elevated.
The level of lipids is influenced by the presence of diabetes mellitus, renal and hepatic failure, thyroid gland disorders, elevated levels of triglycerides and other diseases.
Dieticians, cardiologists, neurologists, and vascular surgeons deal with the treatment of diseases that cause an increase in cholesterol concentration. To identify the true cause, you should contact a general practitioner who will conduct an examination, examine blood tests and issue a referral to a highly specialized doctor.
You can get rid of harmful lipids, following a therapeutic diet. The diet excludes fatty foods, meat, baking, sausages, smoked meats, lard, semolina, strong green tea. Instead, the patient should eat vegetables, fruits, cereals, low-fat dairy products, dietary meat.
Traditional medicine offers effective, having positive reviews, recipes for cleaning the body from harmful substances and getting rid of pathological parameters.
- Propolis tincture is taken daily three times a day, one teaspoon 30 minutes before meals. The course of therapy is at least four months.
- Finely chopped celery stalks are boiled for three minutes, seasoned with sesame seeds and poured with a small amount of olive oil. This healing dish is recommended to cook every other day.
- Slices of garlic are crushed and poured with lemon juice in a ratio of 1 to 5. The mixture is infused for three days. Drink the drug once a day for 309 minutes before meals, one teaspoon.
In the absence of positive dynamics, the doctor prescribes medication. Such drugs as Traykor, Simvor, Ovenkor, Atomaks, Tevastor, Akorta normalize the biochemical processes in the body and clean the blood vessels from atherosclerotic plaques.
The causes and consequences of elevated levels of LDL are discussed in the video in this article.