When a person becomes ill with diabetes mellitus of any type (first, second and gestational), it is necessary to completely change the diet and abandon certain foods.
It is necessary to adhere to a low-carb diet, and products to choose according to their glycemic index (GI). This indicator shows the speed with which glucose enters the blood after consuming a certain drink or food.
For patients with diabetes, there is an urgent need to exclude confectionery sweets from the menu. But this does not mean that you can not eat desserts. Just now they need to prepare their own hands and according to a special recipe. If there is no time for this, then you can order Tortoffie without sugar via the Internet or in the cafe for vegetarians.
This article will discuss how to make a diabetic cake, step by step describes the recipes for cakes with agar, honey cake and cheesecake. It is also given an explanation of how to choose the right products for GI for diabetics type 2 and type 1.
Glycemic Cake Index
Diabetic products are those whose index does not exceed 49 units. Of them consists of the basic diet. Food with GI from 50 to 69 units is allowed to be included in the diet only as an exception, two to three times a week, a portion of up to 150 grams. At the same time, the disease itself should not be in the acute stage. In general, diabetes products with a glycemic index of 70 units and above should not be consumed. They are able to provoke the development of hyperglycemia and adversely affect the work of certain body systems.
Cooking, that is, heat treatment, can have a slight effect on the index, but this applies only to certain vegetables (carrots and beets). The same GI can increase by several units if the fruit and berries are brought to the consistency of mashed potatoes.
Regarding cakes for diabetics, they should be prepared from low-calorie foods with an index of up to 50 units. To know which ingredients will not harm the health of the patient, you need to carefully study the table of glycemic indexes of products.
Thus, wheat flour has a high value, the higher the grade, the greater its index. The following types of flour can be an alternative to wheat flour:
Amaranth flour is preferred in diabetes; it is especially beneficial in diabetes because it lowers the concentration of glucose in the blood. Abroad, it must be included in the diet of people suffering from endocrine diseases.
Coconut flour has an index of 45 units. Use in baking coconut flour, give it a characteristic taste and aroma. You can buy such flour in any large supermarket.
Napoleon for diabetics and sugar-free honey cake is better not to cook, as a large amount of wheat flour is used for their cake in any case.
Cake for diabetics should be prepared without sugar, because its GI is equal to 70 units. Sugar substitutes are chosen as sweetener - sorbitol, xylitol, fructose and stevia. The last sweetener is considered the most useful, as it is made from perennial grass, which is many times sweeter than the sugar itself.
You can also make a cake without baking or cheesecake. For a cheesecake, a base of biscuits is needed, it is purchased at the store, it is important that the biscuit be on fructose. At the present time to get it is not difficult.
Yoghurt cake is allowed to cook with agar agar or gelatin. These two thickeners are safe for patients with diabetes of the first and second types. More than half of the gelatin and agar are composed of protein.
The number of eggs used in the recipe is best minimized, or proceed as follows: one egg, and the rest replaced only with proteins. The fact is that the yolks contain a large amount of bad cholesterol, which negatively affects the vessels.
Preparing a cake for a diabetic is pretty easy, the main thing is to know the recipes that use "safe" products.
Cake with yogurt
The recipe for a cake without baking is gaining increasing popularity. After all, its cooking time is minimal. In addition, it is unnecessary to cook the cream and biscuit, which at times simplifies the cooking process. Of course, one cannot say that everything is quite simple - you have to tinker with gelatin a little.
If there is no desire to cook or a solemn event arose spontaneously, then Tortoffi will always come to the rescue without sugar. This is a vegetarian cafe that produces cakes to order in many cities of Russia.
The first recipe is a yoghurt cake. Immediately you should pay attention that you need to choose unsweetened yogurt, preferably with a small percentage of fat, for example, TM "Prostokvashino".
The following ingredients are needed to make a cake:
- cream with a fat content of 10% - 500 milliliters;
- cream cheese - 200 grams;
- sweetener - to taste;
- unsweetened yogurt - 500 milliliters;
- orange, strawberry, two kiwi.
Gelatin diluted in yogurt and leave until the gelatin swells. Whip cream intensively in a blender or using a mixer, separately mix creamy cottage cheese and sweetener, combine with cream and yogurt. Mix thoroughly until smooth.
Pour the mixture into the mold and put it in a cool place before setting. After turning the shape and ready cake for the diabetic to decorate with fruit (photo presented).
This dessert is allowed even for young children from three years.
Cheesecakes are varieties of foreign dessert. In general, cheesecake is a dish where the crumb of cookies serves as a basis, and the creamy cottage cheese layer is laid on it.
There are many recipes for this sweetness, it can be cooked without baking, and in the oven.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that in this dessert the replacement of sugar with honey is allowed and you can do without sweeteners, the main thing is that the beekeeping product is not candied.
To make a low-calorie orange cheesecake, you need the following ingredients:
- half a kilogram of low-fat cottage cheese;
- three tablespoons of butter;
- two tablespoons of honey;
- 200 grams of cookies on fructose;
- one egg and one protein;
- two oranges;
- 100 grams of dried apricots.
Bring the cookies to the state of the crumbs and mix it with melted butter. In the oven, heat the baking dish, pre-oiled, put the cookies in it and place in the preheated 150 C oven, cook for seven minutes.
Curd cheese rubbed through a sieve, add to it egg and protein, honey and whisk until a homogeneous consistency. Grate the orange zest, squeeze the juice there, add dried apricots. To simmer the citrus mixture over low heat until pureed, about 10 - 15 minutes. After add to the mashed curd mass and mix. Put the curd filling in the form and cook for half an hour. The cheesecake must cool itself in the oven.
In order not to get sick with a "sweet" disease, it is recommended to follow the principles of nutrition in diabetes and exercise regularly.
The video in this article presents the recipe for a diabetic cake.